Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use in Low-Income African American and Caucasian Adults With Asthma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00094419
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 19, 2004
Last Update Posted : August 12, 2008
Information provided by:
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to identify the types of and frequency of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) strategies among low-income Caucasian and African American adults with persistent asthma. The overall goal is to collect data that will increase understanding of health beliefs and behaviors in people with low-income backgrounds so that studies can be created that may help modify and improve patients' symptoms of asthma.

Condition or disease

Detailed Description:

The rates of asthma-related deaths and disease are disproportionately high among African Americans compared to Caucasians. Surveys indicate that middle- and upper-income Caucasians use more CAM than African Americans, but the therapies utilized are different. This study will determine how well people with persistent asthma adhere to their treatment and whether the type and frequency of use of CAM affects treatment adherence.

Participants will begin this study by taking part in an interview about adherence to their current inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) regimen and their personal CAM use. After completing the interview, participant adherence to their ICS regimen will be monitored for 6 weeks. Depending on the type of ICS participants are taking, monitoring will be conducted either by participant self-reporting or electronic monitors that record the time and date of medication inhalation. Participant adherence will also be assessed at study completion.

Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Official Title: The Role of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), Folk Care and Faith-Based Approaches in the Home Management of Persistent Asthma in Low-Income African American and Caucasian Adults
Study Start Date : November 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2006

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Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Physician-diagnosed asthma with episodes that last for long periods of time
  • Medicaid recipients
  • Self-identify as African American or Caucasian
  • Daily use of inhaled corticosteroids
  • Able to speak English
  • Have mental capacity to understand and participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prisoners
  • History of smoking at least ten packs of cigarettes per year
  • Currently smoke more than one and a half packs of cigarettes per week

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00094419

United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Bayview Campus
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21224
United States, Pennsylvania
Presbyterian Medical Center at the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Principal Investigator: Maureen George, PhD RN AE-C Johns Hopkins Medical Institute

Responsible Party: Maureen George, Principal Investigator, Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Identifier: NCT00094419     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: F32AT002012-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 19, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 12, 2008
Last Verified: August 2008

Keywords provided by National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH):
Complementary Therapies

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases