Effectiveness of and Immune Response to HIV Vaccination Followed by Treatment Interruption in HIV Infected Patients
HIV vaccines may help the immune systems of HIV infected patients better control the virus. The goal of this study is to determine whether patients on anti-HIV medications can stop taking those medications if they receive an HIV vaccine. While taking anti-HIV medications, participants will receive either an HIV vaccine or a placebo. Participants will then stop taking their anti-HIV medications and the study will compare the viral loads of participants who received the vaccine with the viral loads of participants who received the placebo.
Primary study hypotheses: 1)The Week 12 and Week 16 post-ART interruption geometric mean HIV-1 RNA levels will be lower among participants who had received MRK Ad5 vaccine prior to ART interruption than among participants who received placebo; 2) the time averaged area under the curve of the log10 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml versus day function in the 16 week post-ART interruption step will be lower among participants who received the MRK Ad5 vaccine prior to ART interruption than among participants who receive placebo.
|HIV Infections||Biological: MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine Other: Vaccine placebo||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase II Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Antiretroviral Effect of Immunization With the MRK Ad5 HIV-1 Gag Vaccine in HIV-1 Infected Individuals Who Interrupt Antiretroviral Therapy|
- Analytical treatment interruption (ATI) HIV-1 RNA set-point [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]
- ATI log10 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml at all scheduled evaluations during Step II (ATI) [ Time Frame: Throughout Step 2 ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Participants in the experimental arm will receive the MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine on Day 1, Week 4 and Week 26. Participants will take their antiretroviral medications during the first 3 months of the study.
Biological: MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine
MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine injected into the upper arm muscle.
Placebo Comparator: 2
Participants in Arm 2 will receive a placebo vaccine on Day 1, Week 4 and Week 26. Participants will take their antiretroviral medications during the first 3 months of the study.
Other: Vaccine placebo
MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag placebo vaccine injected into the upper arm muscle.
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has a significant impact on HIV disease; however, HIV cannot be cured with current drug regimens. While the majority of patients initially benefit from ART, drug regimens subsequently fail for many patients due to drug resistance, poor adherence, or toxicity. If given while HIV replication is kept in check by ART, an HIV vaccine may be able to generate an effective long-term immune response capable of controlling the virus, even if ART is discontinued.
The MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine uses a replication-defective adenovirus vector and has been found safe in clinical trials of both HIV infected and HIV uninfected adults. This study will evaluate the ability of immunization with the MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine to control HIV replication in individuals undergoing treatment interruption. The study will enroll individuals whose HIV replication has been successfully suppressed with ART for at least 2 years.
Participants in this study will be randomly assigned to receive either vaccine or placebo. Both vaccine and placebo will be injected into the upper arm muscle. Participants will take their antiretroviral medications during the first 3 months of the study. Injections will be given on Day 1, Week 4, and Week 26. A study nurse will call participants 1 or 2 days after each injection and participants will be asked to fill out a card with any reactions they have to the injections. About 3 months after the third injection, participants will stop taking their antiretroviral medications for 4 months. Participants will have study visits every 2 to 3 weeks while off medication. After 4 months, participants will have the option of restarting antiretroviral medications or continuing without medication. Participants will then have study visits every 2 months for 8 months. Study visits will include physical exams and blood collection.
All participants will continue to see their primary care provider for HIV treatment and will be restarted on antiretroviral medications if clinically indicated. Participants or their primary care provider will be contacted by phone for updates every 6 months for an additional 3.5 years.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00080106
Show 28 Study Locations
|Study Chair:||Robert T. Schooley, MD||University of Colorado, Denver|