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Effectiveness of and Immune Response to HIV Vaccination Followed by Treatment Interruption in HIV Infected Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00080106
First Posted: March 25, 2004
Last Update Posted: July 9, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  Purpose

HIV vaccines may help the immune systems of HIV infected patients better control the virus. The goal of this study is to determine whether patients on anti-HIV medications can stop taking those medications if they receive an HIV vaccine. While taking anti-HIV medications, participants will receive either an HIV vaccine or a placebo. Participants will then stop taking their anti-HIV medications and the study will compare the viral loads of participants who received the vaccine with the viral loads of participants who received the placebo.

Primary study hypotheses: 1)The Week 12 and Week 16 post-ART interruption geometric mean HIV-1 RNA levels will be lower among participants who had received MRK Ad5 vaccine prior to ART interruption than among participants who received placebo; 2) the time averaged area under the curve of the log10 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml versus day function in the 16 week post-ART interruption step will be lower among participants who received the MRK Ad5 vaccine prior to ART interruption than among participants who receive placebo.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections Biological: MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine Other: Vaccine placebo Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Antiretroviral Effect of Immunization With the MRK Ad5 HIV-1 Gag Vaccine in HIV-1 Infected Individuals Who Interrupt Antiretroviral Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Analytical treatment interruption (ATI) HIV-1 RNA set-point [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]
  • ATI log10 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml at all scheduled evaluations during Step II (ATI) [ Time Frame: Throughout Step 2 ]

Enrollment: 114
Study Start Date: June 2004
Study Completion Date: May 2011
Primary Completion Date: September 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Participants in the experimental arm will receive the MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine on Day 1, Week 4 and Week 26. Participants will take their antiretroviral medications during the first 3 months of the study.
Biological: MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine
MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine injected into the upper arm muscle.
Placebo Comparator: 2
Participants in Arm 2 will receive a placebo vaccine on Day 1, Week 4 and Week 26. Participants will take their antiretroviral medications during the first 3 months of the study.
Other: Vaccine placebo
MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag placebo vaccine injected into the upper arm muscle.

Detailed Description:

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has a significant impact on HIV disease; however, HIV cannot be cured with current drug regimens. While the majority of patients initially benefit from ART, drug regimens subsequently fail for many patients due to drug resistance, poor adherence, or toxicity. If given while HIV replication is kept in check by ART, an HIV vaccine may be able to generate an effective long-term immune response capable of controlling the virus, even if ART is discontinued.

The MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine uses a replication-defective adenovirus vector and has been found safe in clinical trials of both HIV infected and HIV uninfected adults. This study will evaluate the ability of immunization with the MRK Ad5 HIV-1 gag vaccine to control HIV replication in individuals undergoing treatment interruption. The study will enroll individuals whose HIV replication has been successfully suppressed with ART for at least 2 years.

Participants in this study will be randomly assigned to receive either vaccine or placebo. Both vaccine and placebo will be injected into the upper arm muscle. Participants will take their antiretroviral medications during the first 3 months of the study. Injections will be given on Day 1, Week 4, and Week 26. A study nurse will call participants 1 or 2 days after each injection and participants will be asked to fill out a card with any reactions they have to the injections. About 3 months after the third injection, participants will stop taking their antiretroviral medications for 4 months. Participants will have study visits every 2 to 3 weeks while off medication. After 4 months, participants will have the option of restarting antiretroviral medications or continuing without medication. Participants will then have study visits every 2 months for 8 months. Study visits will include physical exams and blood collection.

All participants will continue to see their primary care provider for HIV treatment and will be restarted on antiretroviral medications if clinically indicated. Participants or their primary care provider will be contacted by phone for updates every 6 months for an additional 3.5 years.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • HIV infected
  • On a stable antiretroviral medication regimen (no changes to treatment within 4 weeks of study entry)
  • Viral load less than 50 copies/ml
  • Viral suppression for 2 years prior to study entry (documented viral loads less than 500 copies/ml)
  • CD4 count of 500 cells/mm3 or greater
  • Ad5 neutralizing antibody less than 200 units at screening
  • Willing to stop antiretroviral medications for at least 16 weeks post-vaccination
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen negative
  • Weight more than 110 lbs
  • Willing to use acceptable methods of contraception

Exclusion Criteria

  • Two consecutive viral loads of 500 copies/ml or greater at least 14 days apart during the 24 months prior to study entry
  • Two consecutive CD4 counts less than 200 cells/mm3 before starting antiretroviral medications
  • History of anaphylaxis
  • Allergy to vaccine components
  • History of cardiac, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, hepatic, renal, pancreatic, or neurologic disease which, in the opinion of the study official, will compromise study participation
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Contraindication to intramuscular injection, such as anticoagulant therapy or thrombocytopenia
  • Immune globulin or blood products within 3 months prior to study entry
  • Live vaccine within 30 days prior to study entry
  • Inactivated vaccine within 14 days prior to study entry
  • Previous HIV vaccine
  • History of an AIDS-defining illness. Patients with a history of Kaposi's sarcoma limited to the skin may participate.
  • Currently taking drugs or other substances not approved by the FDA. Patients may be on antiretroviral agents not yet approved by the FDA as part of a clinical trial or through an expanded access program.
  • Immunomodulatory agents (interferon, IL-2, GM-CSF, systemic corticosteroids, etc.) within 30 days prior to study entry
  • Active alcohol or substance abuse which may interfere with the study
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00080106


  Show 28 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
Study Chair: Robert T. Schooley, MD University of Colorado, Denver
  More Information

Publications:
Schooley RT, Spritzler J, Wang H, Lederman MM, Havlir D, Kuritzkes DR, Pollard R, Battaglia C, Robertson M, Mehrotra D, Casimiro D, Cox K, Schock B; AIDS Clinical Trials Group 5197 Study Team. AIDS clinical trials group 5197: a placebo-controlled trial of immunization of HIV-1-infected persons with a replication-deficient adenovirus type 5 vaccine expressing the HIV-1 core protein. J Infect Dis. 2010 Sep 1;202(5):705-16. doi: 10.1086/655468.
Shiver JW, Fu TM, Chen L, Casimiro DR, Davies ME, Evans RK, Zhang ZQ, Simon AJ, Trigona WL, Dubey SA, Huang L, Harris VA, Long RS, Liang X, Handt L, Schleif WA, Zhu L, Freed DC, Persaud NV, Guan L, Punt KS, Tang A, Chen M, Wilson KA, Collins KB, Heidecker GJ, Fernandez VR, Perry HC, Joyce JG, Grimm KM, Cook JC, Keller PM, Kresock DS, Mach H, Troutman RD, Isopi LA, Williams DM, Xu Z, Bohannon KE, Volkin DB, Montefiori DC, Miura A, Krivulka GR, Lifton MA, Kuroda MJ, Schmitz JE, Letvin NL, Caulfield MJ, Bett AJ, Youil R, Kaslow DC, Emini EA. Replication-incompetent adenoviral vaccine vector elicits effective anti-immunodeficiency-virus immunity. Nature. 2002 Jan 17;415(6869):331-5.
Ortiz GM, Wellons M, Brancato J, Vo HT, Zinn RL, Clarkson DE, Van Loon K, Bonhoeffer S, Miralles GD, Montefiori D, Bartlett JA, Nixon DF. Structured antiretroviral treatment interruptions in chronically HIV-1-infected subjects. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Nov 6;98(23):13288-93. Epub 2001 Oct 30.
Moss RB, Brandt C, Giermakowska WK, Savary JR, Theofan G, Zanetti M, Carlo DJ, Wallace MR. HIV-specific immunity during structured antiviral drug treatment interruption. Vaccine. 2003 Mar 7;21(11-12):1066-71.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00080106     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A5197
10014 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
ACTG A5197
First Submitted: March 23, 2004
First Posted: March 25, 2004
Last Update Posted: July 9, 2013
Last Verified: July 2013

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
HIV Therapeutic Vaccine
Treatment Experienced
Treatment Interruption
Adenovirus Vector

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs


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