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Prevention of Depression in At-Risk Adolescents

This study has been completed.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Judith Garber, Vanderbilt University Medical Center Identifier:
First received: December 2, 2003
Last updated: April 7, 2017
Last verified: April 2017
This study examines the impact of a group cognitive behavioral program aimed at preventing depressive disorders and symptoms in adolescents at risk for developing depression.

Condition Intervention
Depression Behavioral: Cognitive-behavioral prevention program Other: Usual care

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description:
Outcome assessor were unaware of condition assignment
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Prevention of Depression in At-Risk Adolescents

Further study details as provided by Judith Garber, Vanderbilt University Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Onset of a probable or definite depressive episodes (i.e., Depression Symptom Rating greater or equal to 4) [ Time Frame: Measured continuously through month 33 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of depression-free days [ Time Frame: Measured continuously through Month 33 ]

Enrollment: 316
Study Start Date: March 2003
Study Completion Date: January 2009
Primary Completion Date: March 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Participants receive a group cognitive-behavioral prevention program
Behavioral: Cognitive-behavioral prevention program
Cognitive-behavioral prevention program includes 8 weekly and 6 monthly group sessions.
Active Comparator: 2
Participants receive usual care
Other: Usual care
Participants receive usual care

Detailed Description:

Depression is a prevalent, chronic, and impairing condition that is often undetected and becomes more difficult to treat as chronicity increases. There is an increasing need to conduct large-scale depression prevention studies in adolescents. This study evaluates a cognitive-behavioral prevention (CBP) program to determine its effectiveness in preventing depressive disorders in at-risk adolescents. The study also will ascertain the costs this intervention to inform attempts at future dissemination of the program in "real world" settings.

Participants in this study are randomly assigned to receive either CBP for eight weekly and 6 monthly continuation sessions or usual care. Depressive symptoms and disorders, levels of functioning, and medical and mental health care utilization are assessed at baseline and again at 2, 8, 20, and 32 months after intake.


Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A parent has had a depressive disorder during child's life
  • Adolescent has had a past depressive episode or has current subsyndromal depressive symptoms measured on the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • adolescent or parent ever diagnosed with bipolar I or schizophrenia;
  • adolescent has a current DSM-IV mood disorder diagnosis
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00073671

United States, Massachusetts
Harvard University Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115-5794
United States, Oregon
Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97227
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213-2593
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37203-5721
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt University
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Principal Investigator: Judy Garber, PhD Vanderbilt University
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Judith Garber, Professor, Vanderbilt University Medical Center Identifier: NCT00073671     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01MH064735 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: December 2, 2003
Last Updated: April 7, 2017

Keywords provided by Judith Garber, Vanderbilt University Medical Center:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depressive Disorder
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on August 18, 2017