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A Study of Physical and Metabolic Abnormalities in HIV Infected and Uninfected Children and Youth

This study has been completed.
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier:
First received: September 12, 2003
Last updated: January 6, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of metabolic and physical abnormalities in HIV infected (via mother-to-child transmission) and uninfected children and youth. Metabolism, body composition, bone density, and other factors will be assessed in relationship to participants' exposure to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).

HIV Infections
HIV-Associated Lipodystrophy Syndrome
HIV Lipodystrophy Syndrome

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Prevalence of Morphologic and Metabolic Abnormalities in Vertically HIV-Infected and Uninfected Children and Youth

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 450
Study Start Date: October 2003
Study Completion Date: August 2005
Detailed Description:

Despite advances in HIV care associated with HAART, many patients on HAART regimens develop physical and metabolic problems, including changes in body fat distribution (lipodystrophy), osteopenia and osteoporosis, dyslipidemia, and hyperlactatemia. Early studies suggest that protease inhibitors (PIs) were directly responsible for HIV Lipodystrophy Syndrome (HLS) and skeletal complications in HAART-treated patients. This study will compare HIV infected, HAART-treated children and youth and their uninfected counterparts to make connections between HAART, HLS, and skeletal and metabolic problems. The study is the first to address the prevalence and risk assessment of these complications in children, and will be useful in predicting long-term prognosis in HIV patients who use or have used HAART.

There will be three groups in the study. Group 1 participants will be uninfected volunteers who will receive no protocol-specific treatment or other intervention. Vertically infected HIV patients in Groups 2 and 3 will continue their current HAART either on a non-PI-containing regimen (Group 2) or a PI-containing regimen (Group 3). Screening evaluations will be conducted within 30 days prior to study entry. Study evaluations may be completed at study entry or over the course of up to 3 study visits. All participants will undergo whole body and regional DEXA scans (to assess bone density), measurements to determine sexual maturity, and blood work.


Ages Eligible for Study:   7 Years to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria

For HIV uninfected participants (Group 1)

  • HIV-1 negative (perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected participants are eligible)

For HIV infected participants (Groups 2 and 3)

  • Mother-to-child (vertically) transmitted HIV infection
  • Confirmed diagnosis of HIV-1 infection by two positive assays from two different samples
  • For Group 2, cannot have taken a PI-containing regimen in the 12 months prior to study entry or have ever received a PI for 2 or more weeks
  • For Group 3, must currently be taking the same PI-containing regimen taken continuously for at least 12 months prior to study entry

For all participants

  • Accessible medical and medications history
  • Parent, legal guardian, or participant willing to give informed consent and willing to comply with study requirements
  • Females who have begun menstruating must have negative pregnancy test

Exclusion Criteria

  • Receipt of certain medications, including growth hormone, megestrol acetate, anabolic agents, anticytokine agents, systemic ketoconazole, systemic glucocorticoids (except if receiving stable physiologic doses), or drugs to treat osteoporosis
  • Type II diabetes mellitus and unable to omit medication prior to specimen collection
  • Pregnancy within the last 12 months, currently pregnant, or breastfeeding
  • History of eating disorder
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00069004

  Show 38 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Study Chair: Grace Aldrovandi, MD University of Alabama at Birmingham
Study Chair: Peggy Borum, PhD University of Florida
  More Information


Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00069004     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P1045
10108 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
Study First Received: September 12, 2003
Last Updated: January 6, 2014

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
HIV-Associated Lipodystrophy Syndrome
HIV Lipodystrophy Syndrome
Treatment Experienced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
HIV-Associated Lipodystrophy Syndrome
Pathologic Processes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Skin Diseases, Metabolic
Skin Diseases processed this record on May 25, 2017