Genetic Changes in Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Who Are Receiving Vinorelbine and Gemcitabine Before Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00057798
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 9, 2003
Last Update Posted : March 8, 2011
Information provided by:
Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Determination of genetic changes in patients with non-small cell lung cancer may help predict the outcome of treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug, and giving them before surgery, may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed during surgery.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study genetic changes and the effectiveness of combining vinorelbine with gemcitabine before surgery in treating patients who have stage IB, stage II, or stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Drug: vinorelbine ditartrate Genetic: cytogenetic analysis Genetic: loss of heterozygosity analysis Genetic: microarray analysis Procedure: conventional surgery Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:


  • Determine the frequency of expression of epithelial markers CK19, CK20, MUC1, and MUC5 (by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction) in lymph node tissue and blood samples of patients with resectable stage IB-III non-small cell lung cancer treated with neoadjuvant vinorelbine and gemcitabine followed by surgery.
  • Determine the expression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein gene before and after treatment with this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the global expression profile of genes (by microarray technology) in tumor tissue of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the frequency of loss of heterozygosity at several loci on chromosomes 3p, 9p, and 11p before and after treatment with this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the percent positivity of cells that stain for MCM2 and CDC6 (prereplicative complex) by immunohistochemistry before and after treatment with this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the feasibility of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the pathological response rates in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the side effects of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the disease-free and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the autologous immune response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients receive vinorelbine IV over 6-10 minutes and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, 22, and 29 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients with no disease progression by scans or bronchoscopy undergo surgical resection between days 57-70 (weeks 8-10).

Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at loci on chromosomes 3p, 9p, and 11p is assessed in blood specimens, tumor tissue, and noncancerous tissue before and after chemotherapy. Specimens are also examined for molecular markers of occult metastasis using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Multidrug resistance-associated protein gene expression is also determined using microarray technology.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 5 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Molecular And Genetic Changes In Patients With Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With Vinorelbine And Gemcitabine - Phase II Study
Study Start Date : March 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2003
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed non-small cell carcinoma of the lung

    • May be confirmed at the initial bronchoscopy and mediastinoscopy
    • Stage IB (T2, N0, M0)
    • Stage IIA (T1, N1, M0)
    • Stage IIB (T2-3, N0-1, M0)
    • Stage IIIA (T1-3, N1-2, M0)
    • stage IIIB (2 lesions in 1 lobe [T4])
  • No N3 lymph nodes (contralateral mediastinal/hilar and supraclavicular/scaline) OR T4 primary tumor (malignant pleural effusion or mediastinal invasion) by clinical staging criteria (seen on CT or PET scan and proven by mediastinoscopy)
  • No metastatic disease (except N1 or N2 disease) or malignant pleural effusion* detected on preoperative evaluation

    • No exudative effusions (even if cytologically negative)

      • Pleural fluid is considered exudative if the following apply:

        • Ratio of pleural fluid protein to serum protein is greater than 0.5
        • Ratio of pleural fluid lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) to serum LDH is at least 0.6
        • Pleural fluid LDH is greater than 200 IU/L
    • No multiple areas of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake** outside the area of the primary tumor in the lung NOTE: *Effusions visible only on CT scan and not large enough for safe thoracentesis are allowed

NOTE: **If only 1 area shows an increase in FDG uptake, the area of concern requires further evaluation (e.g., biopsy) to exclude metastatic disease

  • Bidimensionally measurable or evaluable disease* NOTE: *Lesions apparent on chest CT scan (e.g., ill-defined masses associated with post obstructive changes and mediastinal or hilar adenopathy measurable in 1 dimension) are considered evaluable



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • AST or ALT no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Deemed medically fit for surgical resection
  • No other active malignancy within the past 2 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No psychological, sociological, or geographical condition that would preclude study compliance


Biologic therapy

  • Concurrent participation in the RPCI vaccine study (postoperative vaccination with autologous tumor-associated antigen-pulsed dendritic cells) is allowed


  • No prior chemotherapy for lung cancer
  • No concurrent participation in another study involving other chemotherapy agents

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior radiotherapy for lung cancer
  • No concurrent participation in another study involving radiotherapy


  • No prior surgery for lung cancer
  • More than 3 months since other prior major surgery (e.g., coronary artery bypass graft)


  • No other prior therapy for lung cancer
  • No other concurrent antineoplastic agents
  • Concurrent participation in observational studies requiring bloodwork, radiographs, pulmonary function tests, or quality of life studies is allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00057798

United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263-0001
Sponsors and Collaborators
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Study Chair: Nithya Ramnath, MD Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Publications of Results:
Ramnath N, Sommers E, Anderson T, et al.: Neoadjuvant gemcitabine and vinorelbine in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 22: A-2818, 2003.

Responsible Party: Nithya Ramnath, MD, Roswell Park Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT00057798     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000270753
First Posted: April 9, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 8, 2011
Last Verified: March 2011

Keywords provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:
stage I non-small cell lung cancer
stage II non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators