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Tezacitabine With or Without 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) for Advanced Esophageal Cancer or Gastric Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00054873
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 13, 2003
Last Update Posted : July 11, 2006
Information provided by:
Chiron Corporation

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tezacitabine when given alone or in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) to subjects who have advanced esophageal or gastric adenocarcinoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Esophageal Neoplasms Stomach Neoplasms Adenocarcinoma Drug: tezacitabine Drug: 5-fluorouracil Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : November 2003
Study Completion Date : December 2004

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and females greater than or equal to 18 years of age.
  • Histologically confirmed recurrent (inoperable) or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, gastroesophageal junction, or stomach.
  • At least one bidimensionally measurable lesion, not previously irradiated, with a diameter that meets RECIST criteria, that can be serially measured. Intraluminal tumors, evaluable only by endoscopy, are not acceptable as target lesions.
  • Karnofsky Performance Score greater than or equal to 70%.
  • Subjects must be in the second line therapy setting, thus they must have experienced progression following treatment with one (and only one) prior chemotherapy regimen used for the treatment of unresectable locally advanced, recurrent, or metastatic disease.
  • Recovery from any serious (grade 3 or higher) toxic effects of prior radiation therapy.
  • Adequate hematologic profile: absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1,500/mm3; hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9 g/dL; hematocrit greater than or equal to 30% (transfusion allowed); and platelet count greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3.
  • Adequate hepatic function: bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dL; AST and ALT less that 2.5 X ULN (5 X ULN if liver involved with tumor); alkaline phosphatase less than 5 X ULN
  • Adequate renal function; serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dL or calculated creatinine clearance greater than 50 mL/min.
  • Both male and female subjects of childbearing potential must be using a contraceptive method that is medically acceptable to the investigative center.
  • Disease-free from a prior malignancy, other than non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix, for greater than 5 years.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unstable angina or class III or IV New York Heart Association heart disease.
  • CNS metastases.
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Uncontrolled seizure disorder.
  • Ongoing (grade 3 or higher) stomatitis, esophagopharyngitis, or uncontrolled diarrhea.
  • Impaired nutritional status as evidenced by a serum albumin of 2.7 mg/dL or less.
  • Major surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy during the 28 days preceding the first study treatment. Concomitant anticancer therapy (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiation) or other investigational agents during study participation or 28 days prior to study participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00054873

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Chiron Corporation

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00054873    
Other Study ID Numbers: TEZ001
First Posted: February 13, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 11, 2006
Last Verified: June 2006
Keywords provided by Chiron Corporation:
Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or stomach
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Stomach Neoplasms
Esophageal Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Esophageal Diseases
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Enzyme Inhibitors