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S0030: Capecitabine in Treating Older Patients W/Metastatic or Recurrent Colorectal Cancer That Cannot Be Surgically Removed

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Southwest Oncology Group Identifier:
First received: November 12, 2002
Last updated: January 2, 2013
Last verified: January 2013

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of capecitabine in treating older patients who have metastatic or recurrent colorectal cancer that cannot be surgically removed.

Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Drug: capecitabine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Protocol For Assessment Of Capecitabine For Advanced Colorectal Cancer In Patients Aged 70 Years And Older (And In A Cohort Of Patients Younger Than 60 Years)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Southwest Oncology Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Feasibility of enrolling patients aged 70 years or older to a Phase II trial including pharmacokinetic sampling [ Time Frame: Registration ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy of capecitabine for management of advanced colorectal cancer patients aged 70 years or older based on objective response rate and 2 year survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Toxicity [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • Assess parameters of clinical pharmacology of capecitabine in patients aged 70 years or older including half life value(s), AUC (area under curve) and steady state levels [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • Assess whether patients under 60 years have clinical pharmacologic parameters similar to those reported in the literature [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • Explore, at a preliminary level, the feasibility of studying genetic polymorphisms and gene expression levels of enzymes involved in drug metabolism and resistance to capecitabine [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Enrollment: 29
Study Start Date: February 2003
Study Completion Date: June 2007
Primary Completion Date: June 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Capecitabine
Capecitabine 1,000 mg/m^2/dose (2,000 mg/m^2/day) BID, PO, Days 1-14 of 21 day cycle.
Drug: capecitabine
1,000 mg/m^2/dose (2,000 mg/m^2/day) BID, PO, on Days 1-14 of 21 day cycle
Other Name: NSC-712807

Detailed Description:


  • Determine the feasibility of enrolling patients aged 70 and over with unresectable metastatic or recurrent colorectal cancer to a structured phase II study.
  • Determine the anticancer efficacy of capecitabine, in terms of objective response rate (confirmed and unconfirmed, complete and partial responses) and 2-year survival, in these patients.
  • Determine the toxicity and tolerability of this drug in these patients.
  • Determine the feasibility of using standardized self-report measures of comorbidity, depression, and functional status of patients treated with this drug.
  • Determine the clinical pharmacology of this drug in these patients.
  • Determine whether patients under 60 years of age treated with this drug have clinical pharmacologic parameters similar to those reported in the literature.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to age (70 and over vs 18 to 59).

Patients receive oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 18 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 6 months for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 80 patients (60 patients aged 70 and over, 20 patients aged 18 to 59) will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic or recurrent colorectal cancer not amenable to surgical resection
  • Measurable disease
  • No known brain metastases by MRI or CT scan



  • 70 and over OR
  • 18 to 59

Performance status

  • Zubrod 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • Absolute granulocyte count at least 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT (serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase) or SGPT (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase) no greater than 2 times ULN


  • Creatinine no greater than 2 times ULN
  • Creatinine clearance greater than 50 mL/min


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • HIV negative
  • No known seizure disorder
  • No other malignancy except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, adequately treated stage I or II cancer currently in complete remission, or any other cancer for which the patient has been disease free for 5 years


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior chemotherapy for advanced cancer
  • Prior adjuvant chemotherapy allowed provided recurrence occurred more than 1 year after the last treatment

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • At least 4 weeks since prior sorivudine or brivudine
  • No concurrent sorivudine or brivudine
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00049335

  Show 90 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Southwest Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD University of Southern California
  More Information

Responsible Party: Southwest Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00049335     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000258049
S0030 ( Other Identifier: SWOG )
U10CA032102 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: November 12, 2002
Last Updated: January 2, 2013

Keywords provided by Southwest Oncology Group:
recurrent colon cancer
stage IV colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
stage IV rectal cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents processed this record on May 24, 2017