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Motivational Interviewing to Improve Treatment Engagement and Outcome in Subjects Seeking Treatment for Substance Abuse - 1

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Identifier:
First received: April 5, 2002
Last updated: January 11, 2017
Last verified: April 2010
The purpose of this study is to assess Motivational Interviewing (MI) to improve treatment engagement and outcome in subjects seeking treatment for substance abuse.

Condition Intervention Phase
Substance-Related Disorders Behavioral: Behavior Therapy Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Motivational Interviewing (MI) to Improve Treatment Engagement and Outcome in Subjects Seeking Treatment for Substance Abuse

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Drug use
  • Retention
  • HIV risk behaviors
  • Psychosocial functioning

Estimated Enrollment: 422
Study Start Date: April 2001
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2002
Primary Completion Date: October 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:
Participants seeking treatment at the participating CTPs will be randomly assigned to either "standard" or "MET/MI" treatment, with a 1- and 3-month follow-up. Primary outcome measures will include (1) treatment retention (e.g., number of sessions/weeks completed, the rate of patients completing 3 or more subsequent sessions, and (2) substance use (e.g., urinalyses, days of opioid, cocaine, marijuana, alcohol use, rates of abstinence). Secondary outcomes will include motivation, psychosocial functioning, HIV risk behaviors, treatment utilization, and patient satisfaction. Process assessments will include measures of the working alliance as well as therapist adherence/competence ratings which will evaluate how effectively MET/MI was implemented. Participating CTPs will implement one of two independent protocols, depending on which is the best suited or feasible for the intake procedures at their clinic. Thus, following an invitation to participate, explanation of the study, and provision of informed consent, patients would complete a brief assessment battery followed by either:1) Random assignment to 3 individual sessions of standard treatment (treatment as usual) at the program versus 3 individual sessions of MET; or 2) Random assignment to 1 individual standard assessment/evaluation session.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Individuals will be eligible for the protocol who: a)Are seeking outpatient treatment for any substance use disorder. b)Are 18 years of age or older. c)Are willing to participate in the protocol (e.g., to be randomized to treatment, be contacted for follow-up assessment, to have their sessions audiotaped). d)Are able to understand and provide written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

Individuals will be excluded who: a)Are not sufficiently medically or psychiatrically stable to participate in outpatient treatment. b)Are seeking detoxification only, methadone maintenance, or residential inpatient treatment.

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00032994

United States, New York
Lower Eastside Service Center (LESC)
New York, New York, United States, 10007
United States, Oregon
Willamette Family Treatment Services
Eugene, Oregon, United States, 97402
Changepoint - Cedar Hills Blvd
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97292
Roseburg, Oregon, United States, 97470
United States, Virginia
Chesterfield County CSB- Substance Abuse Services
Chesterfield, Virginia, United States, 23832
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yale University
Principal Investigator: Kathleen Carroll, Ph.D. VA Connecticut Healthcare System
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Kathleen Carroll, Ph.D., Yale University School of Medicine Identifier: NCT00032994     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00015730
Other Study ID Numbers: NIDA-CTN-0005-1
Study First Received: April 5, 2002
Last Updated: January 11, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):
substance use disorders

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on August 22, 2017