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The Effects of Music Therapy-Based Stress Reduction on Bone Marrow Transplant Recipients

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) Identifier:
First received: March 20, 2002
Last updated: August 17, 2006
Last verified: July 2006
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of music therapy-based relaxation stress/reduction strategies on the frequency/severity of toxic side-effects of marrow ablative chemotherapy and the timing of immune reconstitution in patients undergoing bone marrow/stem cell transplantation.

Condition Intervention Phase
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Stem Cell Transplantation
Behavioral: Music therapy-based relaxation/stress reduction
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effects of Music Therapy-Based Stress Reduction on Bone Marrow Transplant Recipients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH):

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: August 2001
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2004
Detailed Description:
The regimen-related toxicities associated with bone marrow transplantation (BMT) can be severe and even life threatening. The overall goal of this randomized controlled pilot study in BMT patients is to determine the effect of relaxation/stress reduction strategies on: (1) the frequency/severity of toxic side effects of marrow ablative chemotherapy, and (2) the timing of immune reconstitution. Substantial literature indicates that music therapy-based interventions are effective in inducing relaxation and also affect immune function by modulating circulating and salivary levels of such agents as cortisol, immunoglobulin A, interleukin-1, natural killer cells, and a variety of other immune system-related substances. Over the past two years, we have provided music therapy-based stress reduction/relaxation interventions to a convenience sample of patients undergoing BMT. Preliminary findings from this pilot feasibility study demonstrate that patients report significantly decreased pain (p< .004) and sense of nausea (p < .001) following an intervention. Average time-to-engraftment was 13.5 (+/- 2.85) days as compared to 15.5 (+/- 4.40) days (p < .O1) for a group of historical controls matched on diagnosis, type of transplant, conditioning regimen, date of transplant, age, and gender. Although highly promising, our data are limited by lack of randomization, an appropriate control condition, measurement of psychologic factors known to influence outcome in BMT, and systematic monitoring of early phase markers of immune reconstitution that could help explain the phenomena we have observed. This proposal corrects these shortcomings and especially highlights the potential mediational effect of cytokine release on regimen-related toxicities and the timing of immune reconstitution.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


Recipient of bone marrow/stem cell transplant


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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00032409

United States, New York
University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Olle Jane Z. Sahler, MD University of Rochester
  More Information Identifier: NCT00032409     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R21AT000895-01 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: March 20, 2002
Last Updated: August 17, 2006

Keywords provided by National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH):
Music Therapy
Relaxation Therapy
Stress Reduction
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Stem Cell Transplantation processed this record on May 25, 2017