Vaccination Against High Risk Breast Cancer Using Tumor Derived Heat Shock Protein 70

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00027131
Recruitment Status : Terminated (difficulty with accrual)
First Posted : November 28, 2001
Last Update Posted : October 8, 2008
Information provided by:
UConn Health

Brief Summary:

Description: The trial is designed to determine the response of the immune system of patients with breast cancer to a vaccine made from their own tumor. Researchers believe that this particular vaccine, which is made from purified heat shock proteins taken from each patient's tumor, might alert the body's immune system to recognize and attack invading cancer. To be considered potentially eligible for this study you must be a high risk breast cancer patient and have a tumor that can be removed surgically.

Length/Duration: Vaccinations are administered weekly for six weeks. Follow up visits to the clinic are every three months for two years, then every six months thereafter.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Neoplasms Biological: Heat Shock Protein 70-peptide complexes (HSP70) Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Heat-shock proteins (HSP) are present within normal and cancerous cells. They are among the most ancient molecules in evolution, and are known as protein chaperones because of their abilities to bind polypeptide chains to assist in protein folding, transport or turnover. Works pioneered by Srivastava's group (Srivastava et al. 1998) have shown that HSPs can associate non-covalently with antigenic peptides. Injection of HSP-peptide complexes isolated from tumor cells can induce tumor protection against both pre-established tumors and subsequent tumor challenge by eliciting specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response against a variety of tumors in animals such as sarcoma, lymphoma, melanoma, hepatoma, prostate cancer and lung cancer (Tamura et al).

A previous trial on the role of HSP70 in breast cancer treatment was targeted specifically against patients who had widespread metastasis and who had failed all conventional therapy including intensive multi-agent chemotherapy with DTEC (decadron, taxol, etoposide and cyclophosphamide).

This pilot study has shown that, (1) HSP70 can be purified successfully from breast cancer cells. (2) The yield of HSP70 is extremely variable and cannot be predicted accurately based on the size of the tumor because of significant heterogeneity of histology and patient's prior history of chemotherapy. (3) HSP70 vaccination is safe and well tolerated.

Hypothesis and current protocol

The biggest challenge of cancer management is to control metastasis. It is perhaps more obvious in breast cancer than in any other tumor. Breast cancer patients rarely die of primary cancer. The tendency of a deadly relapse in distal sites, after years of "remission" is the common cause of mortality. Even with newly diagnosed patients who present with stage IV breast cancer, complete response can be achieved in more than 40% of patients with the current multi-modality approach. However, patients with stage IV breast cancer are "never" cured because of the risk of late relapses.

There are several reasons for the unsatisfactory results of immunotherapy in advanced and widespread cancers. First, the tumor burden is too overwhelming. Host defenses are simply over powered. Second, patients at this stage usually have significant co-morbidities, which prevent optimal immune responses. Third, advanced cancer patients often have a compromised functional state of the immune system either quantitatively or qualitatively due to prior cytotoxic therapy, radiation therapy, or as a result of active secretion of immunosuppressive agents by the tumor cells such as TGF-beta. Finally, there is simply not enough time to mount an effective adaptive immune response in these patients.

Therefore, we hypothesize that immunotherapy with HSP70 is more effective as "consolidation" therapy for high-risk patients who are rendered to have only minimal residue disease. To test this hypothesis, tumors from patients with high-risk breast cancer will be resected for HSP70 purification. This will be followed by conventional therapy such as hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or combined modality treatment. A total of 15 patients who are either in complete remission or in stable partial remission after standard therapy, will be enrolled to test the hypothesis that HSP70 vaccine will lead to improved tumor-specific T cell response in over 40% of patients. As a secondary endpoint, it will be determined whether the immunological responses can be correlated with disease-free survival or progression-free survival.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Vaccination Against High Risk Breast Cancer With Autologous Tumor-Derived Heat Shock Protein 70-Peptide Complexes (HSP70)
Study Start Date : December 2000
Study Completion Date : October 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer Shock

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


Pre-registration inclusion:

Must be at least 18 years of age and capable of giving informed consent.

High risk breast cancer defined as the following:

  • stage IV breast cancer
  • inflammatory breast carcinoma
  • Stage II breast cancer with more than 10 positive axillary lymph nodes
  • Stage IIIA breast cancer (tumor greater than or equal to 5 cm with at least one positive axillary lymph note)

A minimum of 3 grams of non-necrotic, resectable breast cancer.

ECOG Performance Score (PS) less than (<3.0).

Pre-registration exclusion:

  • ECOG Performance Score (PS) greater than or equal to 3.0.
  • Congenital or acquired immunodeficiency including infection with human immunodeficiency virus.
  • Significant behavioral or psychological problems that preclude adequate informed consent or follow-up.

Registration inclusion:

  • Major clinical responses defined as either Complete response (CR) by conventional staging work-up such as CT scan and bone scan.

Or Stable partial response (PR) defined as more than 50% tumor reduction which remains stable by serial CT scans or bone scans over a 3-month span.

  • More than 60 micrograms of HSP70 purified.
  • ECOG Performance Score(PS) less than 3.0.
  • Greater than or equal to 4 weeks post cytotoxic therapy.

Registration exclusion:

  • ECOG Performance Score(PS) greater than or equal to 3.0.
  • Purification of HSP70 is unsuccessful qualitatively or quantitatively.
  • On other investigational therapy for breast cancer.
  • Positive serum or urine pregnancy test.
  • Impaired renal function (serum creatinine > 2.0) and hepatic function (bilirubin more than 2.0 x and transaminase more than 4.0 x of the upper normal limit).
  • Significant active infection requiring hospitalization;
  • Acquired immunodeficiency or active autoimmune diseases.
  • Significant behavioral or psychological problems that prevent adequate follow-up.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00027131

United States, Connecticut
University of Connecticut Health Center
Farmington, Connecticut, United States, 06030
Sponsors and Collaborators
UConn Health
Principal Investigator: Zihai Li, MD, P.hD. Assistant Professor Medicine & Tumor Immunology

Additional Information: Identifier: NCT00027131     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00026507
Other Study ID Numbers: 01-062
First Posted: November 28, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 8, 2008
Last Verified: October 2008

Keywords provided by UConn Health:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases