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Combination Chemotherapy Followed by Surgery in Treating Infants With Newly Diagnosed Neuroblastoma.

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: October 11, 2001
Last updated: September 16, 2013
Last verified: November 2001

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving a chemotherapy drug before surgery may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed during surgery.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy followed by surgery in treating infants who have newly diagnosed neuroblastoma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug: carboplatin
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: etoposide
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Procedure: conventional surgery
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: European Infant Neuroblastoma Study - Unresectable Tumors (MYCN Not Amplified)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: July 1999
Study Completion Date: February 2011
Detailed Description:


  • Determine the survival and morbidity of infants with newly diagnosed stage II or III unresectable neuroblastoma without MYCN amplification treated with vincristine and cyclophosphamide, etoposide and carboplatin, and cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and vincristine followed by surgery.
  • Determine whether deletion of chromosome 1p or diploidy/tetraploidy are prognostic factors in these patients.
  • Determine whether there are other prognostic criteria that could be used in future therapeutic stratification of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to symptomatic spinal cord involvement (yes vs no).

Patients without evidence of symptomatic spinal cord compression receive vincristine IV on day 1 and cyclophosphamide IV on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 2 courses. Patients eligible for surgery undergo surgical resection and then are removed from the study.

Patients ineligible for surgery after 2 courses of initial chemotherapy, but with at least 25% response to initial chemotherapy, receive 2 additional courses of vincristine and cyclophosphamide. Patients eligible for surgery undergo surgical resection and then are removed from the study.

Patients ineligible for surgery after 2 additional courses of initial chemotherapy or with disease progression receive etoposide IV over 2 hours and carboplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1-3. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses. Patients eligible for surgery undergo surgical resection and then are removed from the study.

Patients who remain ineligible for surgery or with disease progression after etoposide and carboplatin receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days 1-5, doxorubicin IV over 6 hours on days 4 and 5, and vincristine IV on days 1 and 5. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses. Patients then undergo surgical resection or biopsy.

Patients with symptomatic spinal cord compression receive initial treatment with etoposide and carboplatin as above. Patients with improved symptoms and resectable disease after initial chemotherapy undergo surgical resection or biopsy. Patients who remain ineligible for surgery or with no improvement in symptoms after initial chemotherapy receive cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and vincristine as above. Patients then undergo surgical resection or biopsy.

Patients are followed within 6 months and then annually for 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 100 patients will be accrued for this study within 4 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 1 Year   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed newly diagnosed stage II or III neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma

    • Unresectable disease
  • No MYCN amplification (i.e., fewer than 10 copies)
  • No metastases to bone marrow
  • No radiological bone lesions in skeleton



  • Under 12 months at diagnosis

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No evidence of liver disease by ultrasound


  • Not specified


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00025597

St. Anna Children's Hospital
Vienna, Austria, A-1090
Universitair Ziekenhuis Gent
Ghent, Belgium, B-9000
Copenhagen, Denmark, 2100
Centre Hospitalier Regional de Purpan
Toulouse, France, 31026
Istituto Giannina Gaslini
Genoa, Italy, 16148
Rikshospitalet University Hospital
Oslo, Norway, 0027
Instituto Portugues de Oncologia de Francisco Gentil - Centro Regional de Oncologia de Lisboa, S.A.
Lisboa, Portugal, 1099-023 Codex
Hospital Universitario LA FE
Valencia, Spain, 46009
Ostra Sjukhuset
Gothenburg, Sweden, 41685
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
Lausanne, Switzerland, CH-1011
United Kingdom
Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Bristol, England, United Kingdom, BS2 8BJ
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Infant Neuroblastoma Study Group - 1999
Study Chair: Herve Rubie, MD Centre Hospitalier Regional de Purpan
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00025597     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068977
Study First Received: October 11, 2001
Last Updated: September 16, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
localized unresectable neuroblastoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists processed this record on May 25, 2017