Lamivudine and Adefovir to Treat Chronic Hepatitis B Infection in People With and Without HIV Infection
This study will evaluate the safety and effectiveness of adefovir plus lamivudine for chronic hepatitis B infection in people with and without HIV infection. Lamuvidine, an FDA-approved treatment for hepatitis B infection, also works against HIV. In some patients, the hepatitis B virus (HBV) continues to reproduce despite lamivudine treatment. Adefovir is an experimental drug that inhibits HBV replication and may work against some strains of the virus that have become resistant to lamivudine.
Patients 21 years of age or older with active hepatitis B infection despite treatment with lamivudine for at least 1 year may be eligible for this 48-week study. Patients both with or without HIV infection may participate. Candidates will be screened with a medical history, blood and urine tests, liver ultrasound exam, electrocardiogram (EKG) and chest X-ray.
Participants will have a physical examination, review of their medical history, blood tests, and a 24-hour urine collection. They will be admitted to the hospital for a liver biopsy to determine if they can receive the study drug. For this procedure, the patient is given a sedative for relaxation. The skin over the biopsy is numbed with an anesthetic and the biopsy needle is passed rapidly into and out of the liver to collect a tissue specimen. Patients are monitored in the hospital overnight for possible complications. After discharge, they return home and begin taking the study medications.
Patients will be randomized to two treatment groups. One group will take 10 milligrams/day of adefovir by mouth, and the other will take a placebo-a lookalike pill with no active ingredient. Both groups will also take 150 mg lamivudine by mouth and L-carnitine pills or liquid. Patients with HIV infection will continue to take antiretroviral therapy as well.
Patients will be followed in the clinic at study weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40 and 44 for blood and urine tests to determine the safety of the drug and to evaluate the response to treatment. On week 48, a repeat 24-hour urine test and repeat liver biopsy will be done. At the end of the 48 weeks, patients may continue to receive adefovir for another 48 weeks and possibly longer. All those who participate in this extension phase will receive active adefovir, regardless of whether they had previously taken adefovir or placebo.
All patients will have the option to enroll in a separate study to examine the levels of HBV (and levels of HIV in HIV-infected patients) in the blood immediately after starting treatment and to determine if these initial levels can predict later outcome. This involves seven additional visits, for which participants will be compensated. At these visits, blood will be drawn on study days 0 (before starting drug treatment), 1, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 21 for HIV and HBV viral loads and specialized immunology tests.
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||Studies of the Addition of Adefovir Dipivoxil to Lamivudine for the Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study in HIV-Infected Patients and an Open-Label Study in HIV-Negative Subjects|
|Study Start Date:||August 2001|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||October 2004|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00023153
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|