Image Guided System for Orthopaedic Surgery
This project focuses on the further development and clinical testing of an image-guided surgical system. The system will help surgeons perform procedures that involve inserting a screw, guide pin, drill bit, or other straight object into bone-for example, inserting screws in a broken hip bone. These surgeries are currently done with the help of a mobile x-ray device called a C-arm, which provides the surgeon with x-ray images during the procedure.
C-arms have some disadvantages, including image distortion, radiation exposure, and the need for time-consuming adjustments of the C-arm during the surgery. The new method would deal with these shortcomings with a computer-based system that adds to the existing C-arm system. It would provide the surgeon with a real-time view of the insertion process, and could improve the accuracy and speed of certain surgical procedures.
Disadvantages associated with C-arms include image distortion, radiation exposure, and time consuming reconfiguration of the C-arm during the insertion process. The proposed system would address these shortcomings with a computer-based system that augments the existing C-arm system.
|Orthopaedic Trauma Hip Fracture||Device: Image-guided surgical system||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Image Guided Surgical System for Orthopaedic Trauma|
|Study Start Date:||December 2002|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2004|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project supports the further development and clinical testing of an image-guided surgical system that will assist the surgeon in performing procedures that involve the insertion of a screw, guide pin, drill bit, or other linear object into bone. These surgeries are currently performed with the assistance of a mobile fluoroscopic x-ray imager known as a C-arm.
Disadvantages associated with C-arms include image distortion, radiation exposure, and time-consuming reconfiguration of the C-arm (between A/P and lateral views) during the insertion process. The proposed system would address these shortcomings with a computer-based system that augments the existing C-arm system. The new system uses an optical localizer (a stereo camera device that tracks light-emitting diodes) to monitor the location and orientation of a drill guide in the surgical field. The drill guide trajectory is then graphically superimposed on the x-ray images. This provides real-time, on-screen positional feedback to the surgeon to improve the accuracy and speed with which certain procedures involving insertion of drill bits or guide pins can be performed. The research effort will focus on the development of a clinical prototype and its evaluation by several quantitative and qualitative methods.
The commercial success of such a system depends on its acceptance by surgeons, which in turn depends on the extent to which it is a tool that provides better information to the surgeons without intruding on a procedure in which they are already highly skilled. Commercial success also depends on the ability of the system to reliably save time in the operating room. We will address these issues with cadaveric studies and subsequent clinical trials.
Proposed Commercial Applications: The initial commercial application of this system is the insertion of dynamic compression hip screws in cases of hip fracture. Because this is a common fracture, any reduction in surgical time has great potential for cost savings. Other advantages include decrease in radiation exposure and the potential reduction of serious complications. Minor modifications that allow the system to assist with numerous other orthopaedic trauma procedures are already planned.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00022802
|United States, Illinois|
|Lutheran General Hospital|
|Park Ridge, Illinois, United States, 60068|
|Principal Investigator:||Thomas C. Kienzle, MD||Surgical Insights|