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Antiviral Therapy in Treating Patients With Kaposi's Sarcoma With or Without HIV Infection

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: July 11, 2001
Last updated: June 19, 2013
Last verified: November 2007

RATIONALE: Herpesvirus is found in Kaposi's sarcoma lesions in most patients; it is therefore possible that the herpesvirus has a role in causing Kaposi's sarcoma. Cidofovir is an antiviral drug that acts against many types of herpesvirus, and may be an effective treatment for Kaposi's sarcoma.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of cidofovir in treating patients with Kaposi's sarcoma with or without HIV infection.

Condition Intervention Phase
Sarcoma Drug: cidofovir Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: November 1996
Study Completion Date: April 2004
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the antitumor activity of intravenous cidofovir in patients with Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. II. Assess the effect of intravenous cidofovir on the load of KS-associated herpesvirus/human herpesvirus-8 in KS lesions and peripheral blood mononuclear cells by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. III. Assess the toxicity of cidofovir in KS patients with and without HIV infection. IV. Assess the effect of cidofovir on angiogenic cytokines related to the pathogenesis of KS.

OUTLINE: All patients receive intravenous cidofovir weekly for 2 weeks, then every other week for 6 months. Patients with a complete or partial response may continue treatment until disease progression intervenes.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Up to 25 evaluable patients will be entered over approximately 6 months if there are at least 2 responses in the first 15 patients.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Biopsy-proven Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) HIV infection (measured by ELISA and Western blot) allowed NCI pathology review required At least 5 measurable lesions required No prior local therapy to indicator lesions Lesions evaluable by noninvasive methods No actively bleeding or critically located KS of immediate risk to patient or at the discretion of the Principal Investigator and/or Study Chairperson No pulmonary or other potentially acutely life-threatening KS lesions

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: More than 3 months Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 750/mm3 Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 11 g/dL (10 g/dL in women) CD4 count greater than 50 cells per cubic millimeter Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal (unless due to Gilbert's disease) Patients on protease inhibitors may have bilirubin no greater than 3.5 mg/dL (direct bilirubin no greater than 0.2 mg/dL) AST/ALT no greater than 75 IU/mL Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2.5 times normal Renal: Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL Creatinine clearance (calculated) greater than 55 mL/min Proteinuria less than 2+ Cardiovascular: No significant EKG abnormality Other: No actively life-threatening infection At least 14 days since treatment for serious infection No known clinically significant allergy to probenecid or sulfa No grade 3 or worse clinical or laboratory toxicity other than lymphopenia No medical condition that precludes protocol treatment or informed consent No second malignancy within 1 year except basal cell skin cancer No pregnant or nursing women Negative pregnancy test required of fertile women within 1 week prior to entry, every 4 weeks while on study, and 4 weeks after last treatment Effective contraception required of fertile women

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: At least 1 week since treatment with any of the following: Diuretics Vidarabine Amphotericin B Aminoglycoside antibiotics Intravenous pentamidine Other known or potentially nephrotoxic agents Other investigational agents with anti-herpesvirus activity At least 4 weeks since systemic or local anti-herpesvirus therapy other than mucocutaneous acyclovir cream At least 4 weeks since systemic therapy for KS or other systemic or cutaneous malignancy At least 1 month since discontinuation of antiretroviral therapy Concurrent antiretroviral therapy allowed provided doses of the following, either alone or in combination, stable for at least 1 month prior to entry: AZT ddC 3TC ddI d4T protease inhibitor

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00019240

United States, Maryland
Medicine Branch
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Robert Yarchoan, MD National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00019240     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00001559
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065260
Study First Received: July 11, 2001
Last Updated: June 19, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
classic Kaposi sarcoma
AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma
recurrent Kaposi sarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sarcoma, Kaposi
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents processed this record on September 21, 2017