Thalidomide in Treating Patients With HIV-Associated Kaposi's Sarcoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00019123
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 13, 2004
Last Update Posted : August 16, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Thalidomide may kill cancer cells by stopping the growth of new blood vessels to the tumor.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of thalidomide in treating patients with HIV-associated Kaposi's sarcoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sarcoma Drug: thalidomide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the antitumor activity of thalidomide in terms of regression or stabilization of disease in patients with HIV-associated Kaposi's sarcoma. II. Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients. III. Determine the pharmacokinetics of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive oral thalidomide on day 1. Treatment continues daily for 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with complete or partial response or stable disease after 6 months of treatment may continue treatment for an additional 6 months. Patients are followed at 1, 6, and 12 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 15-25 evaluable patients will be accrued for this study within 3.75-6.25 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : April 1996
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2004

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) HIV-positive by ELISA and Western blot Disease progression within the past 2 months Evaluable disease by non-invasive methods Minimum of 5 measurable lesions previously untreated with local therapy (such as intralesional injections) Ineligible if reduced performance status beyond minimally symptomatic pulmonary disease or other potentially or acutely life-threatening KS present Visceral disease, including pulmonary disease, allowed if the following conditions are met: Not acutely life-threatening No effect on performance status beyond minimal symptoms No urgent requirement for chemotherapy May be ineligible if actively bleeding or critically located KS lesions present that pose an immediate risk

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: More than 3 months Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 750/mm3 Platelet count at least 70,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 8 g/dL (at least 1 month since prior transfusion) Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL (no greater than 3.8 mg/dL if elevation due to a protease inhibitor or Gilbert's syndrome) AST and ALT no greater than 125 U/L PT or APTT no greater than 120% of control No history of hepatic cirrhosis Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Creatinine clearance at least 70 mL/min Pulmonary: See Disease Characteristics Other: Not pregnant Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective hormonal and barrier contraception for at least 1 week before, during, and for at least 1 month after study No greater than grade 1 peripheral neuropathy of any etiology except a localized neuropathy due to a mechanical cause or trauma No other malignancy within the past year except completely resected basal cell skin cancer No grade 3 toxicity except lymphopenia or neutropenia No hypersensitivity to thalidomide or related compounds No evidence of underlying severe or life-threatening bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoal infection within the past 2 weeks Fever of 39 degrees Celsius or greater within the past 10 days allowed only if not due to a severe underlying infection

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior interferon No prior thalidomide for KS At least 6 months since prior suramin Chemotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No prior systemic steroids except physiologic replacement doses of corticosteroids, sex hormones, or noncorticosteroids such as anabolic steroids for wasting syndrome Concurrent short-term courses of steroids allowed Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified Other: At least 2 weeks since prior antiretroviral therapy OR On stable doses of 1 or more of the following for at least 2 weeks before study: Zidovudine, zalcitabine, didanosine, lamivudine, or stavudine Protease inhibitor Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor No other prior systemic anti-KS agent or regimen No other concurrent anti-KS therapy during the first 6 months of the study No concurrent sedating drugs that cannot be reduced to below a minimal level, sedating recreational drugs, or alcohol No change, initiation, or discontinuation of antiretroviral therapy unless medically indicated Concurrent intralesional therapy after 6 months on study on rare occasions for occasional painful or disfiguring lesions allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00019123

United States, Maryland
Medicine Branch
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Robert Yarchoan, MD National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Jones JL, Hanson DL, Dworkin MS, et al.: Surveillance for AIDS-defining opportunistic illness, 1992-1997. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 48(SS-2): 1-22, 1999.
Centers for Disease Control.: 1993 revised classification system for HIV infection and expanded surveillance case definition for AIDS among adolescents and adults. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 41(51): 961-962, 1992. Identifier: NCT00019123     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00001492
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064453
First Posted: April 13, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 16, 2013
Last Verified: November 2007

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sarcoma, Kaposi
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents