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Chemotherapy Plus Monoclonal Antibody in Treating Patients With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00016159
First Posted: January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted: January 16, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Combining monoclonal antibody therapy with chemotherapy may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy and monoclonal antibody in treating patients who have acute promyelocytic leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia Biological: filgrastim Biological: lintuzumab Drug: arsenic trioxide Drug: idarubicin Drug: tretinoin Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study Of Combined Modality Postremission Therapy As Determined By Molecular Response (Adaptive Regulation) In The Treatment Of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction negativity

Estimated Enrollment: 35
Study Start Date: November 2000
Primary Completion Date: March 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the disease-free and overall survival of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia in clinical complete remission following tretinoin-based induction therapy treated with monoclonal antibody HuG1-M195, arsenic trioxide, idarubicin, and tretinoin.
  • Determine the rate of molecular complete remission in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the toxicity of this regimen in this patient population.
  • Determine the number and length of hospitalizations of patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients receive monoclonal antibody HuG1-M195 (MOAB HuM195) IV over 40-60 minutes twice weekly for 3 weeks. Approximately 2-4 weeks after completion of MOAB HuM195, patients receive arsenic trioxide IV over 1-4 hours daily for a total of 25 days with no more than 5 days between doses.

Beginning approximately 4-6 weeks after completion of arsenic trioxide, patients receive idarubicin IV daily on days 1-3 or 1-4 and filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously daily beginning on day 5 or 6 and continuing until blood counts recover. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for patients who remain RT-PCR positive or are newly converted to RT-PCR negative (molecular complete remission) following a prior course of idarubicin for a maximum of 3 courses. Patients who remain RT-PCR positive following course 3 of idarubicin receive no further treatment on study.

Beginning 3 months after completion of idarubicin, patients in molecular complete remission receive oral tretinoin daily for 14 days. Treatment repeats every 3 months for a total of 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed monthly.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 35 patients will be accrued for this study within 2-3 years.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia by positive RT-PCR assay for PML/RAR-alfa rearrangement or a t(15;17) karyotype

    • Achieved clinical complete remission within the past 1-2 months
    • Prior induction therapy must have contained tretinoin
  • No other acute myeloid leukemia diagnosis

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • Any age

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • Not specified

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin less than 2 mg/dL
  • Transaminases no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal

Renal:

  • Creatinine less than 2 mg/dL OR
  • Creatinine clearance greater than 60 mL/min

Cardiovascular:

  • Ejection fraction normal or greater than 50% by echocardiogram or MUGA

Other:

  • No other concurrent active malignancy
  • No other serious or life-threatening condition that would preclude study
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for at least 4 months after study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 1 week since prior retinoids

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy:

  • Not specified

Surgery:

  • Not specified

Other:

  • No prior postremission therapy of any form
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00016159


Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Joseph G. Jurcic, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00016159     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 00-072
MSKCC-00072
NCI-H01-0073
First Submitted: May 6, 2001
First Posted: January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted: January 16, 2013
Last Verified: January 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
adult acute myeloid leukemia in remission
childhood acute myeloid leukemia in remission
adult acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)
childhood acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(15;17)(q22;q12)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Idarubicin
Arsenic trioxide
Tretinoin
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Keratolytic Agents
Dermatologic Agents