HIV Maintenance Therapy With T-20 During HAART Interruption

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00013884
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 2, 2001
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will evaluate whether a drug called T-20 can slow or prevent a rapid return of HIV in the blood when HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) is stopped temporarily. HAART is a multi-dose regimen that is very effective in suppressing HIV and perhaps slowing or halting progression of the viral infection towards AIDS. However, this treatment is not problem-oriented. It cannot completely rid the body of virus, and long-term therapy carries a risk of toxicity (harmful side effects). Moreover, the treatment is difficult to adhere to because of the many pills and capsules that must be taken daily. When patients stop taking HAART, their viral levels climb again. This study will see if T-20 can prolong the time it takes for HIV blood levels to rise in patients who stop HAART temporarily. The results may provide insight into possible new HAART-sparing treatments.

HIV-infected patients 18 years of age and older who have received HAART for at least 1 month may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a medical history, physical examination, blood and urine tests and possibly a chest X-ray and electrocardiogram (EKG).

Participants will receive either 100 Mg. of T-20 twice a day or 200 Mg. once a day, injected under the skin, and their normal HAART regimen for 3 days. (Patients or a caregiver will be taught how to give the T-20 injections.) On the fourth day, HAART will be stopped and all patients will receive 100 Mg. of T-20 twice a day for 6 weeks. Blood will be drawn weekly from the second to the sixth week after stopping HAART to check viral levels and CD4+ T cell counts. At the end of the 6 weeks, T-20 will be stopped and HAART will be restarted. Patients will then be evaluated once a month until their viral level is less than 50. The final clinic visit will be one month after this time.

In addition to blood draws, patients will undergo leukapheresis before beginning T-20 and possibly again when they restart HAART and at the end of the study. For this procedure, whole blood is collected through a needle placed in an arm vein, similar to donating blood. The blood circulates through a machine that separates it into its components. The white cells are then removed, and the red cells, platelets and plasma are returned to the body, either through the same needle used to draw the blood or through a second needle placed in the other arm. The white cells are used to study T cell function and levels and to detect hidden virus.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infection Drug: T-20 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Although highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) effectively suppresses HIV replication, it is now clear that it cannot completely eradicate HIV from infected individuals. We have also recently begun to appreciate more fully the scope of toxicities and inconveniences associated with HAART medications leading to difficulties with adherence. Thus, long-term use of HAART may be problematic in many HIV-infected individuals. These realizations have led to a search for strategies to shift the focus from eradication to suppression of HIV replication while reducing toxicity and enhancing compliance. One approach to achieve these goals is to attempt to find strategies that allow for prolonged periods off HAART medications. Recently, Trimeris corporation has developed T-20, an inhibitor of HIV fusion to T-cells, a step required to spread virus from cell to cell. This new class of therapy, which has little recognized toxicity, could be used to allow patients to discontinue HAART medications for prolonged periods of time. In this intent to treat pilot study, we propose to evaluate the ability of T-20 to slow or prevent rebound of plasma HIV RNA when HAART medications are interrupted for a single 6 week period. The information obtained through this investigation could provide important insights into novel therapeutic strategies for HIV infection.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 10 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Ability of Maintenance Therapy With the HIV Fusion Inhibitor T20 to Prevent Rebound of Plasma HIV RNA Following an Interruption of HAART
Study Start Date : March 2001
Study Completion Date : April 2003

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS
Drug Information available for: Enfuvirtide

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  1. Documentation of HIV-1 infection by licensed ELISA test kit and confirmed by a second method (e.g. Western Blot).
  2. Absolute CD4+ T-cell count of greater than or equal to 300/mm(3) within 30 days before randomization (For patients who are status post-splenectomy, also CD4+ T-cell greater than 20 percent)
  3. Receiving HAART (at least an NNRTI or a PI and at least 3 drugs) with at least 1 viral load test below the limit of detection (at least less than 500 copies/ml) greater than or equal to 3 months before screening.
  4. Stable HAART regimen greater than or equal to 1 month.
  5. Two confirmatory viral loads of less than 50 copies/ml prior to enrollment.
  6. Age at least 18 years.
  7. For women of childbearing potential, a negative pregnancy test (serum or urine) is required within 14 days prior to treatment assignment.
  8. Ability to inject, or willingness to have injected by another person, T20 as required by protocol.
  9. Laboratory values (within 30 days prior to randomization):

    1. AST no more than 5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN).
    2. Total or direct bilirubin no more than 2 times ULN unless there is a pattern consistent with Gilbert's syndrome or the patient is receiving indinavir.
    3. Creatinine no more than 2.0 mg/dL.
    4. Platelet count at least 50,000/microliters.
  10. Willingness to provide blood samples for storage that may be used in future studies of HIV infection and/or immunopathogenesis.


  1. Concurrent malignancy, or any other disease state, requiring cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  2. Symptomatic for significant HIV-related illnesses, such as opportunistic infections and malignancies other than mucocutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma.
  3. A history of receiving both an NNRTI and a PI.
  4. Use of experimental, unlicensed antiretrovirals less than or equal to 6 months prior to enrollment. An exception may be made for hydroxyurea according to the judgement of the Principal Investigator.
  5. Current use of IL-2 or abacavir or prior participation in a HAART interruption study.
  6. Pregnancy or breastfeeding during study period.
  7. Significant cardiac, pulmonary, kidney, rheumatologic, gastrointestinal, or CNS disease as detectable on routine history, physical examination , or screening laboratory studies.
  8. Psychiatric illness that, in the opinion of the PI, might interfere with study compliance.
  9. Active substance abuse or history of prior substance abuse that may interfere with protocol compliance or compromise patient safety.
  10. Refusal to practice safe sex or use precautions against pregnancy (effective birth control or abstinence).
  11. Known history or laboratory evidence of chronic hepatitis B infection requiring 3TC for control including surface antigen positivity.
  12. Receiving salvage HAART, i.e. evidence of clinical resistance to licensed antiretrovirals.

Individuals accepted into the protocol who subsequently violate exclusion criteria 7-9 will be offered further counseling and psychiatric evaluation if indicated. If the situation is not resolved within a reasonable period of time, the PI, in consultation with the care team, may terminate subject participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00013884

United States, Maryland
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Publications: Identifier: NCT00013884     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 010133
First Posted: April 2, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: April 2003

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Fusion Inhibitor T20
Treatment Interuption

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases