Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Progressive or Recurrent Brain Tumors
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.
PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of irofulven in treating patients who have progressive or recurrent astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, or glioblastoma multiforme.
|Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors||Drug: irofulven||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||A Phase I/II Trial Of MGI114 For Treatment Of Patients With Recurrent Malignant Gliomas|
|Study Start Date:||July 2001|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2003|
- Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of irofulven alone or combined with anticonvulsants known to be metabolized by cytochrome P450 in patients with progressive or recurrent high-grade anaplastic astrocytoma, anaplastic oligodendroglioma, or glioblastoma multiforme.
- Assess the pharmacokinetics of this drug on this schedule and determine the effects of P450-inducing anticonvulsants on the pharmacokinetics in these patients.
- Determine the response rate of patients treated with this drug administered at the MTD.
- Determine the duration of progression-free survival and overall survival of patients treated with this drug.
- Determine the toxic effects of this drug in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to concurrent use of anticonvulsant drugs that induce cytochrome P450 (yes vs no drugs or modest-induction drugs).
Patients receive irofulven IV over 30 minutes on days 1-4 or 1-5 (depending on dose-escalation level). Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Cohorts of 3-6 patients (per stratum) receive escalating doses of irofulven until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is determined, additional patients are accrued to receive treatment with irofulven at the recommended phase II dose.
Patients are followed at 1 week and then every 2 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 18 patients (9 per stratum) will be accrued for the phase I portion of the study. Approximately 17-35 patients will be accrued for the phase II portion of the study within 6-12 months.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00012038
|United States, Alabama|
|University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294-3300|
|United States, Florida|
|H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute|
|Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612-9497|
|United States, Georgia|
|Emory University Hospital - Atlanta|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322|
|United States, Maryland|
|Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231-2410|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|United States, Michigan|
|Henry Ford Hospital|
|Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Comprehensive Cancer Center at Wake Forest University|
|Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157-1029|
|United States, Ohio|
|Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195|
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104-4283|
|United States, Texas|
|University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio|
|San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78284-7811|
|Study Chair:||Steven S. Rosenfeld, MD, PhD||University of Alabama at Birmingham|