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Rituximab and Combination Chemotherapy Followed by Bone Marrow or Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00007852
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 12, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 26, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Julie M Vose, MD, University of Nebraska

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies such as rituximab can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation or bone marrow transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of rituximab and combination chemotherapy followed by bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lymphoma Biological: rituximab Drug: carmustine Drug: cytarabine Drug: etoposide Drug: melphalan Procedure: autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the complete and partial response rate of patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma treated with rituximab and high-dose carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine and melphalan followed by autologous bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. II. Determine the toxicity profile of this regimen in these patients. III. Compare the levels of soluble CD20 antigen and rituximab blood levels with patient outcomes in this patient population.

OUTLINE: Patients receive two doses of rituximab IV over 3-4 hours 1 week apart. Stem cells from the peripheral blood or bone marrow are collected at least 1 week after the second dose of rituximab. Following stem cell collection, patients receive a third dose of rituximab IV as above between days -10 and -6. Patients then receive high-dose chemotherapy consisting of carmustine IV on day -6, etoposide IV twice daily and cytarabine IV on days -5 to -2, and melphalan IV on day -1. On day 0 patients undergo autologous bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. After transplantation, patients receive a fourth dose of rituximab as above at approximately day 30, and then weekly over 4 weeks at approximately 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed at 1 year and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 23-40 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 44 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Rituxan and BEAM High-Dose Chemotherapy and Autologous Peripheral Blood Progenitor Transplant for Lymphoma
Study Start Date : September 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2002
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I
Rituxan and BEAM with autologous stem cell transplant
Biological: rituximab
Rituximab at 375 mg/m2 administered approximately one week apart prior to collection of the hematopoietic stem cells. Rituxan at a dose of 375 mg/m2 IV will be given either on the days prior to initiation of the BCNU (days -10 to -7) or on the same day that the BCNU is administered for the BEAM chemotherapy regimen (Day -6). A fourth infusion of Rituxan 375 mg/m2 will be given at 30 day (+/- 20 days) post-transplant. At approximately 6 months post-transplant, if the patients have not had progressive lymphoma, they will receive four weekly doses of Rituxan 375 mg/m2 IV.
Other Name: Rituxan

Drug: carmustine
BCNU 300 mg/M2 IV day -6
Other Name: BCNU

Drug: cytarabine
100 mg/m2 on days -5 through -2
Other Name: BEAM chemotherapy regimen

Drug: etoposide
100mg/M2 BID on days -5 through -2
Other Name: BEAM chemotherapy regimen

Drug: melphalan
140 mg/m2 IV on day -1
Other Name: BEAM chemotherapy regimen

Procedure: autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Following the chemotherapy, on day 0 of treatment, the previously stored hematopoietic stem cells will be reinfused via the central venous line

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary endpoint for this study is 100 day (complete + partial) response rate [ Time Frame: 100 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Diagnosis of CD20-positive B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma Transplantation candidate Primary induction failure Chemotherapy refractory disease Received at least 3 prior chemotherapy regimens OR Diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma No history of T-cell lymphoma No relapse or progression after rituximab therapy within 3 months before transplantation

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 19 and over Performance status: WHO 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 6 months Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm3* Platelet count more than 50,000/mm3* Hemoglobin more than 9.0 g/dL* *Unless due to lymphomatous involvement of the marrow Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Other: No serious disease or condition that would preclude study Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent corticosteroids except for transient control or prevention of nausea or vomiting Concurrent non-steroidal hormones for non-lymphoma-related conditions (e.g., insulin for diabetes) allowed Radiotherapy: No concurrent external beam radiotherapy during transplantation therapy Surgery: Not specified Other: No other concurrent antitumoral or investigational agents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00007852

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United States, Nebraska
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68198-3330
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Nebraska
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Genentech, Inc.
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Study Chair: Julie M. Vose, MD University of Nebraska
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Responsible Party: Julie M Vose, MD, Professor & N/M Harris Oncology Professorship, University of Nebraska Identifier: NCT00007852    
Other Study ID Numbers: 045-00
P30CA036727 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 12, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 26, 2012
Last Verified: March 2012
Keywords provided by Julie M Vose, MD, University of Nebraska:
recurrent grade 1 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 2 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 3 follicular lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
recurrent adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
recurrent adult Burkitt lymphoma
recurrent mantle cell lymphoma
recurrent marginal zone lymphoma
recurrent small lymphocytic lymphoma
extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue
nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma
splenic marginal zone lymphoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists