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A Test of Behavioral Intervention for Women at High Risk for HIV Infection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00006440
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: October 31, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to find out if it is possible to conduct a group counseling program for women at risk for HIV infection.

Women have been the fastest-growing group with new AIDS diagnoses. The need for ways to reduce HIV infection in women is urgent. It is important to reduce the risk of HIV infection through sexual contact, but it is also important to address drug use. Group counseling may be an effective method.


Condition
HIV Infections

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Feasibility Study of a Behavioral Intervention for Women at Persistent High Risk for HIV Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 180
Study Start Date: March 2000
Study Completion Date: May 2008
Primary Completion Date: May 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Women have constituted the fastest-growing group of persons with new AIDS diagnoses for several years. The need to develop and evaluate interventions to reduce the incidence of HIV infection among women is urgent. The behavioral intervention method tested in this study integrates elements from diverse theories and empirical evidence for women to feel empowered to use methods of protection against disease. Although the overall objective of the study intervention is to reduce the risk of HIV infection through sexual contact, the intervention must also address drug usage among women.

Women are randomized in a 1 to 1 ratio to either the intervention or control condition. The Intervention Group participates in 4 group sessions over the course of 1 month and then in an additional reunion session approximately 1 month after the 4th group session. Sessions are 2.5 hours long and include 6 to 10 participants. The sessions involve talking about HIV, ways to avoid HIV, and ways women can support each other. All participants complete a short-term assessment visit 1 week after the 4th group intervention session. The Control Group does not participate in group sessions. All participants are paid for their time and effort.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Women may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are at least 18 years old.
  • Took part in the VPS2 study and completed 12 months of follow-up, or each participant must meet at least 1 of the following conditions: 1) has sex with an HIV-infected male; 2) has sex with a male who has injected drugs in the last 5 years; 3) has had sex with 5 or more male partners in the last year; 4) exchanged sex for money or drugs in the last year; 5) was diagnosed with syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, first episode herpes, pelvic inflammatory disease, and/or trichomonas in the last year; or 6) used crack cocaine in the last year.
  • Can speak English.
  • Can give information for the purpose of locating.
  • Have had at least 30 percent of vaginal or anal intercourse unprotected by condoms in the 6 months before the study.
  • Are HIV-negative.

Exclusion Criteria

Women will not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Have had sex with only 1 man for 2 years or more who is HIV-negative and does not inject drugs. The man should not have had sex with anyone else during this time.
  • Have a mental condition that would interfere with the study.
  • Have any other condition that would interfere with the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00006440


Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Anne Colletti
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, 02138
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
Study Chair: Erica Gollub
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006440     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HIVNET 029
First Submitted: November 3, 2000
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: October 31, 2016
Last Verified: October 2012

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Risk Factors
Behavior Therapy
Substance-Related Disorders
Feasibility Studies

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infection
Communicable Diseases
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases