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STI571 Compared With Interferon Alfa Plus Cytarabine in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00006343
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2004
Last Update Posted : January 3, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Biological therapies such as interferon-alfa and STI571 may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. It is not yet known if STI571 is more effective than interferon alfa plus cytarabine for chronic myelogenous leukemia.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of STI571 with that of interferon alfa plus cytarabine in treating patients who have newly diagnosed chronic myelogenous leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Biological: recombinant interferon alfa Drug: cytarabine Drug: imatinib mesylate Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the time to treatment failure and overall survival in patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated, Philadelphia chromosome positive, chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia treated with STI571 vs interferon alfa combined with cytarabine. II. Compare the quality of life and disease and treatment related toxicities in patients treated with these 2 regimens. III. Compare the rate and duration of complete hematologic response (CHR) and major cytogenetic response (MCR) in patients treated with these 2 regimens. IV. Compare the rate and duration of MCR and CHR attributable to crossover therapy in patients who crossover to receive STI571 OR interferon alfa combined with cytarabine. V. Compare the tolerability and safety of these regimens in these patients. VI. Determine the population pharmacokinetics of STI571 in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open label, crossover, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms: Arm I: Patients receive oral STI571 once daily. Arm II: Patients receive interferon alfa (IFN-A) subcutaneously (SQ) daily. Gradual intrapatient dose escalation is performed until the target dose of IFN-A is achieved. Patients then also receive cytarabine SQ daily for 10 days every month. Cytarabine is discontinued when a complete cytogenetic response is achieved and confirmed on two consecutive occasions not more than 3 months apart. Both arms: Courses repeat monthly in the absence of progression to accelerated phase or blast crisis, or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with no complete hematologic response at 6 months, no major cytogenetic response at year 2, or loss of complete hematologic response (without progression to accelerated or blastic phase) discontinue treatment on the arm to which they were originally randomized and begin treatment on the other arm. Crossover courses repeat monthly in the absence of progression to accelerated phase or blast crisis, or unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life is assessed prior to study; monthly for the first 6 months of study; at 9, 12, 18, and 24 months; at time of crossover (if applicable); and at treatment discontinuation before year 2 (if applicable). All patients are followed every 3 months for up to 8 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 850 patients (425 per arm) will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Study of STI571 Versus Interferon-a (IFN-a) Combined With Cytarabine (Ara-C) in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Previously Untreated Philadelphia Chromosome Positive (Ph+) Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia in Chronic Phase (CML-CP)
Study Start Date : June 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2007

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Cytogenetically proven Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) Initial diagnosis within the past 6 months No prior chemotherapy, including regimens used in peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) mobilization for PBPC transplantation, for CML except hydroxyurea Must meet the following criteria: Blasts in peripheral blood and bone marrow less than 15% Blasts plus promyelocytes in peripheral blood and bone marrow less than 30% Basophils in peripheral blood less than 20% Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 No extramedullary leukemic involvement except spleen or liver No patient for which a sibling bone marrow donor is available and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is elected as first line therapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 70 Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) SGOT and SGPT no greater than 1.5 times (ULN) INR and PTT no greater than 1.5 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN Cardiovascular: No angina No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease Other: No uncontrolled medical disease, such as diabetes mellitus, thyroid dysfunction, neuropsychiatric disorders, or infection HIV negative Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception No other malignancy within the past 5 years except basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix No history of noncompliance with medical regimens or potential for noncompliance

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Concurrent leukapheresis allowed during the first month of study No concurrent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Concurrent anagrelide allowed during the first 3 months of study Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Concurrent hydroxyurea allowed only during the first 3 months of study Endocrine therapy: No concurrent systemic steroids for more than 2 weeks Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Greater than 4 weeks since prior major surgery and recovered Other: No other prior investigational agents No other concurrent investigational drugs

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00006343

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United States, New Jersey
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation
East Hanover, New Jersey, United States, 07936
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Ilana Monteleone Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Publications of Results:

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Novartis Identifier: NCT00006343    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068089
First Posted: May 26, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 3, 2013
Last Verified: December 2012
Keywords provided by Novartis:
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
chronic myelogenous leukemia, BCR-ABL1 positive
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Imatinib Mesylate
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors