Pharmacokinetics of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1 Infected Pregnant Women
This study will determine if blood levels of anti-HIV drugs in pregnant women change at different stages of pregnancy and if these changes require dosage adjustments in order to maintain adequate drug levels during pregnancy. Anti-HIV medications are recommended for HIV-infected women during pregnancy not only to treat their infection, but also to reduce the chance of passing the virus to the baby during pregnancy. Changes in the body that occur during pregnancy may affect how the body uses and eliminates these drugs, reducing their levels during pregnancy.
Pregnant women 18 years of age or older who are infected with HIV may be eligible for this study. Candidates will have a medical history and physical examination, pregnancy test and blood tests.
Participants will come to the NIH Clinical Center once every 6 to 12 weeks until around their 34th week (8 months) of pregnancy and then again at least 1 month after the birth of the baby to have blood drawn. A catheter (thin plastic tube) will be placed in a vein to avoid multiple needle sticks for blood sampling during the day. The first sample will be collected before the patient takes the morning doses of anti-HIV medicines and additional samples will be drawn at 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 hours after taking the medication. A urine sample will also be collected at each visit.
Procedure: determine blood levels of anti-HIV drugs
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Pharmacokinetics of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1 Infected Pregnant Women|
|Study Start Date:||September 2000|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2004|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00006320
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|