Effects of Chronic Ozone Exposure on Lung Function

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00006306
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 29, 2000
Last Update Posted : February 29, 2016
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
To determine the effects of chronic ozone exposure on lung function in young men and women.

Condition or disease
Lung Diseases Lung Diseases, Obstructive Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Detailed Description:


A large part of the U.S. population is exposed to ambient ozone (O3) concentrations that are associated with acute respiratory health effects; however, little is known about the effects on human respiratory health of long-term exposure to such ambient concentrations. Chronic exposure of non-human primates to high concentrations of O3 are associated with pathologic changes in the centriacinar region of the lung that are similar to changes observed in young cigarette smokers. This is the first detailed epidemiologic study of the effects of chronic exposure to an air pollutant based on individual estimates of lifetime exposure and controlled exposure data. The study tests a specific toxicologic model in humans that has relevance for chronic respiratory disease and explores mechanisms of effects.


The study tested the hypothesis that, in humans, there was an exposure-response relationship between the amount of chronic exposure to ambient O3 and measures of lung function that reflected changes in the centriacinar region of the human lung (FEF25-75); and this relationship was not seen with measures of more proximal airway function (FEV1). First-year UC Berkeley students, ages 18-21 yrs, who were lifelong residents of the Los Angles Basin, (high O3) and the San Francisco Bay Area, (low O3) were studied. Lifetime exposure to ambient O3 was estimated with methods developed by the investigators that combined questionnaire and ambient O3 data. Lung function was assessed with maximum expiratory flow-volume curves. Students were studied after 4-6 months of low ambient O3 exposure and immediately after 2-3 months of exposure to summertime O3. Students from each area who were at the upper and lower tails of the FEF25-75 distribution underwent two controlled O3 exposures (seasonal as above) followed by bronchoalveolar lavage/biopsy to evaluate relationships between measures of inflammation, injury/repair and oxidant induced damage/repair and FEF25-75. Regression was used to evaluate relationships between lifetime O3 exposure and lung function, adjusted for past and family respiratory history, allergy history, home characteristics, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and particle air pollution and NO2.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : September 1999
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2004

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Ozone

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 21 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00006306

Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
OverallOfficial: Ira Tager University of California, Berkeley

Publications: Identifier: NCT00006306     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 134
R01HL060689 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 29, 2000    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 29, 2016
Last Verified: January 2006

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Diseases