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A Study to See If Taking One or Two Extra Drugs Can Lower HIV Levels in Patients Who Have Failed Their Anti-HIV Drug Treatment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00006152
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see if adding 1 or 2 drugs to the anti-HIV therapy of patients whose HIV levels increased while taking their anti-HIV drugs can lower viral load (amount of HIV in the blood) and keep it low up to Week 24. (This study has been changed. Previously, only patients whose levels increased on their first round of anti-HIV drugs were being studied.) Anti-HIV drug treatments that contain a combination of 3 or more drugs can lower HIV levels, raise CD4 cell counts, and improve survival. Unfortunately, many patients "fail" their anti-HIV drug treatment when their HIV levels go above 500 copies/ml. Usually the next step is to switch the patient to different anti-HIV drugs. Doctors would like to see whether adding 1 or 2 different drugs to the "failed" treatment also can lower HIV levels. Adding 1 or 2 drugs might be better than switching all of the drugs since patients who take many different drugs can develop drug-resistant HIV. (This study has been changed. Previously, only patients taking protease inhibitors (PI) whose levels increased on their first round of anti-HIV drugs were being studied.)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Ritonavir Drug: Abacavir sulfate Drug: Amprenavir Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Successful therapy following viral rebound has been problematic. Intensification of the existing regimen by adding 1 or 2 drugs generally has been avoided. However, successfully adding new drugs to an existing regimen would be advantageous since it would expose the patient to fewer antiretroviral agents in the overall treatment course. Recent evidence suggests that a significant proportion of patients who experience viral rebound while receiving a protease inhibitor (PI) actually have viral rebound with a PI-sensitive virus. Other studies have shown that treatment decisions based on resistance assays result in better virologic outcomes. This trial examines further the effect of resistance assay-directed intensification of a PI-containing antiretroviral regimen on viral load. [AS PER AMENDMENT 04/03/01: The antiretroviral regimen need not contain a protease inhibitor.]

Patients are stratified by baseline plasma HIV-1 RNA levels (5,000 copies/ml or less versus greater than 5,000 copies/ml). Patients undergo phenotypic drug resistance testing prior to study entry. Based on the phenotypic results, patients are [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/9/00: selectively] randomized equally to 1 of 3 [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/9/00: 1 of 2] intensification strategies while remaining on their current, initial [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/9/00: (background)] antiretroviral therapy (ART). [AS PER AMENDMENT 04/03/01: ART need not be initial.] A patient is excluded from randomization to an arm if that arm contains a drug to which the patient has phenotypic resistance. Arm A adds abacavir (ABC). Arm B adds amprenavir (APV) [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/9/00: and ritonavir (RTV)]. Arm C adds didanosine (ddI) plus hydroxyurea (HU). [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/9/00: Arm C has been discontinued.] A patient's HIV must be sensitive to at least 3 drugs. [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/9/00: Each patient must be taking at least 3 drugs to which his/her HIV isolate is sensitive, including ABC or APV and at least 2 other drugs that are part of the current, initial (background) ART. If phenotypic resistance testing at screening indicates resistance to a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) drug in the patient's current, initial (background) ART, then the local investigator may choose to discontinue that drug. However, the patient and local investigator may choose to continue the drug but it will not be considered an active drug per this protocol.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 04/03/01: ART need not be initial.] Patients have regular clinic visits for physical exams and blood tests, including CD4 and CD8 cell counts, plasma HIV-1 RNA assays, and tests for pharmacokinetic variability. In the event of viral rebound of 500 copies/ml or more at Week 12 or later, phenotypic/genotypic drug resistance is assayed. In addition, phenotypic drug resistance is assayed at the primary endpoint (Week 24) and at the end of treatment (Week 48) on all patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 42 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Restrictively Randomized, Open-Label, Pilot Study of Treatment Intensification of Early Virologic Failure
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Are taking 3 or more anti-HIV drugs for at least 24 weeks. (This study has been changed. Previously, only patients taking their first round of anti-HIV drugs, which included a PI, were being studied.)
  • Had a viral load below 500 copies/ml while on their anti-HIV drugs, and then had an increase in viral load to between 500 and 10,000 copies/ml. (This study has been changed. Previously, only patients whose levels increased on their first round of anti-HIV drugs were being studied.)
  • Have a CD4 cell count of 100 cells/mm3 or more.
  • Are age 13 or older (consent of a parent or legal guardian is required if under 18).
  • Agree to use 2 methods of birth control during the study and for 60 days after. (This study has changed the birth control requirements.)

Exclusion Criteria

Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are currently being treated for a serious infection or other serious medical illness.
  • Have had certain illnesses in the past.
  • Have a fever within 7 days of study entry.
  • Have already taken all of the study drugs for more than 4 weeks.
  • Are unable to take any of the study drugs.
  • Have certain types of cancer.
  • Received certain vaccines within 21 days of study entry.
  • Have received certain medications.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Patients will not be eligible for Group A if they:
  • Have a history of hypersensitivity reaction to abacavir.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00006152

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United States, Alabama
Univ of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Univ of Southern California / LA County USC Med Ctr
Los Angeles, California, United States, 900331079
Univ of California, San Diego
San Diego, California, United States, 92103
United States, Colorado
Univ of Colorado Health Sciences Ctr
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80262
United States, Illinois
Northwestern Univ Med School
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
The CORE Ctr
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Massachusetts
Beth Israel Deaconess - West Campus
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Missouri
St Louis Regional Hosp / St Louis Regional Med Ctr
St Louis, Missouri, United States, 63112
United States, New York
Beth Israel Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10003
United States, North Carolina
Univ of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 275997215
Duke Univ Med Ctr
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, South Carolina
Julio Arroyo
West Columbia, South Carolina, United States, 29169
United States, Texas
Univ of Texas Galveston
Galveston, Texas, United States, 775550435
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Study Chair: Robert Murphy
Study Chair: William Powderly
Study Chair: Mary Albrecht
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00006152    
Other Study ID Numbers: A5061
10898 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
ACTG A5061
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012
Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Drug Therapy, Combination
HIV Protease Inhibitors
VX 478
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents