Effects of Topical SLPI on Skin Wounds

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005569
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 24, 2000
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will evaluate the effects of a protein called secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI), on skin wound healing. Produced naturally by the body, SLPI modifies levels of elastase, a substance that breaks down the skin. Older people are at greater risk of impaired wound healing, with increased elastase activity and inflammation. In addition, men heal more slowly than women. Delayed healing is associated with infection and pain and can lead to the development of chronic non-healing skin wounds.

Healthy men and women between 60 and 80 years old who wish to participate in this study will have a brief history and physical evaluation to determine their eligibility. Those enrolled will be randomly assigned to receive a gel form of SLPI applied topically (on the skin surface) to a skin wound or a placebo (a look-alike gel with no active ingredient). Participants will undergo the following procedures:

First visit - The skin will be numbed with a local anesthetic and two small (4 mm) wounds (about the size of a pencil eraser) made in each upper arm. The drug or placebo will be applied to the wound and gauze placed over it. Two blood samples (20 ml and 7 ml) will be drawn an hour apart to determine blood levels of SLPI.

Second visit - The day after the first visit, the wound dressing will be removed and the participant will be evaluated for pain at the wound site, allergic reactions or infection. A blood sample (7 ml) will be taken.

Third visit - The wounds will be examined and photographed to evaluate healing. In addition, the strength of the wound may be assessed by means of a vacuum system placed on the skin. (This may cause a tingling sensation over the wound.) A piece of all four wounds will be removed after the skin has been numbed and a dressing applied.

Fourth visit - The wounds will be examined for healing and the dressing removed.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Wound Healing Drug: SLPI (Secretory Leukocyte Protease Inhibitor) Phase 1

Detailed Description:
The proposed clinical trial will evaluate the efficacy and safety of topically-applied Secretory Leukocyte Protease Inhibitor (SLPI) peptide as a treatment for impaired wound healing states in 60-80 year old subjects who are at greatest risk of delayed wound healing. Administration of the drug topically should result in reduced elastase activity and inflammation, leading to accelerated matrix deposition and wound healing. Subjects will be randomly allocated to one of four possible groups: topical administration of SLPI or placebo (wounds excised at day 7 post-wounding) or topical administration of SLPI or placebo (wounds excised at day 50 post-wounding). The dose of SLPI will be determined in a dose-finding pilot study prior to the main study. Initial 4mm punch biopsies will be made in both upper inner arms (two per arm), followed by topical administration of SLPI or placebo. The wounds will be left to heal and all four wounds excised at either day 7 (for 50% of the volunteers) or day 50 post-wounding (for the other 50% of volunteers). The incidence of side-effects, and the rate of healing will be determined at these time-points. Successful demonstration of an enhanced therapeutic effect may provide a basis for the development of strategies to accelerate wound healing in those situations where it is comprised, such as with age and in chronic non-healing wounds.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 60 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Topical Anti-Inflammatory Agents on Cutaneous Wound Healing
Study Start Date : April 2000
Study Completion Date : July 2003

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Healthy subjects will be used in the study to remove bias from associated pathology/comorbidity.

Only Caucasian patients will be included.

One group of male volunteers of 60-80 years of age will be used for the pilot study.

There will be two groups for the main study: one male and one female group (age-matched equivalent groups).

Females will be post-menopausal with the menarche at least 1 year previously and not taking hormone replacement therapy.

No patients infected with Hepatitis B, C, non A/B virus or HIV.

Pregnancy or lactating females will be excluded.

Diabetic patients will be excluded.

Patient must not be a smoker; or ex-smoker of greater than 5 per day for over one year.

Patients must not be on any regular medication, for example: oral/topical/intra-articular corticosteroids, NSAIDSs, immunosuppressives, chemotherapeutic agents, anti-hypertensives, vasodilators, anti-arthritic agents (gold, azathioprine), antibiotics, and insulin/biguanides/sulphonylureas.

Patients must not be taking oral contraceptive or HRT (oral or implant) (main study only).

Patients must not have a history of cardiovascular disease, malignancy, stroke, inflammatory bowel disease, Alzheimer's disease, or pulmonary fibrosis/sarcoid/CAPD.

Patients must not have presence of anemia, leukocytosis, bleeding disorder, or abnormal renal/liver function.

Patients with known keloid former or previous evidence of hypertrophic scarring will be excluded.

Patients with presence of skin disorders such as venous ulcers, psoriasis, eczema or lichen planus will be excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005569

United States, Maryland
National Institute of Dental And Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005569     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 000116
First Posted: April 24, 2000    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: July 2003

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Healthy Volunteer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Wounds and Injuries
Protease Inhibitors
Secretory Leukocyte Peptidase Inhibitor
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors