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Population-Based Modeling of Cholesterol Lowering in the United States

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005463
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: February 18, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  Purpose
To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of cholesterol-lowering strategies in the United States population. The study used the Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Policy Model, a state-transition computer simulation model used to obtain forecasts of the public health impact and economic cost of CHD in the United States population.

Condition
Cardiovascular Diseases Coronary Heart Disease Risk Reduction Heart Diseases Coronary Disease Hypercholesterolemia

Study Type: Observational

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: August 1991
Study Completion Date: May 1993
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

The study was part of an Institute-initiated Request for Applications (RFA) titled "Cost-Effective Strategies of Cholesterol-Lowering" released by the NHLBI in 1990. The RFA was stimulated by the controversy concerning costs and cost-effectiveness that followed the 1987 report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. The RFA was intended to support a broad and thorough quantitative exploration of the potential health benefits and costs of cholesterol-lowering from multiple perspectives.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The study added to the CHD Policy Model the capability to model the consequences of reductions in LDL cholesterol and increases in HDL/LDL ratios in the United States population. The CHD Policy Model was used for several studies, including: to compare the implications of using alternative epidemiologic studies as the basis for estimating the association between cholesterol levels and CHD risk; to derive cutting points for initiating cholesterol reduction, specific to age, sex, and CHD risk factors, and based on cost-effectiveness criteria; to compare the cost-effectiveness of specific targeted and population-wide strategies for cholesterol reduction; to incorporate the effects of treatments on quality of life, including both adverse effects of cholesterol-lowering drugs and reductions in CHD morbid events; and finally, to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of cholesterol screening, incorporating costs of screening, effects of measurement error on misclassification of patients, and variations in individual cholesterol levels over time.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information