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Effects of CHD Prevention on Lipoprotein Subclasses

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: February 26, 2016
Last verified: December 2000
To assess the influence of HDL-subclasses with coronary disease progression, and to identify factors influencing HDL subclasses at baseline and over time.

Cardiovascular Diseases Coronary Disease Heart Diseases

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: May 1993
Study Completion Date: December 1994
Detailed Description:


The Stanford Coronary Risk Intervention Project was a four-year randomized clinical trial that showed that risk reduction through lifestyle change and lipid-lowering medications significantly reduced the rate of narrowing of the minimum diameter of coronary artery segments with angiographically visible lesions in 119 patients versus 127 controls who received usual physician care. In collaboration with this trial, Dr. Ronald Krauss measured high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclasses by gradient gel electrophoresis. HDL may be divided into two HDL2 and three HDL3 subclasses that are approximated by their estimated particle diameters: HDL3c (7.2-7.8 nm), HDL3b (7.8-8.2 nm), HDL3a (8.2- 8.8 nm), HDL2a (8.8-9.7 nm) and HDL2b (9.7-12.9 nm). The HDL- distribution can also be characterized by the diameter of the predominant peak, which may lie in either the HDL3b or HDL3a interval. Case control and angiographic studies suggest that coronary heart disease risk is increased when HDL2b is reduced relative to HDL3c and HDL3b. See also Study 27.


Using data from the Stanford Coronary Risk Intervention Project (SCRIP), the following specific questions were examined : 1. Did the risk reduction program change specific HDtL subclasses as compared to controls? 2. Did the HDL gradient gel profile characterize men most likely to benefit from multifactor risk reduction? 3. Did HDL-subclasses change significantly in patients that reduced fat intake, reduced body weight, or who took one or more of the following medications: colestipol, nicotinic acid, clofibrate, probucol, gemfibrozil, fenofibrate, lovastatin, guar gum or fish oils? 4. What were the cross-sectional associations of HDL-subclasses with adiposity, fasting and post-load insulin and glucose, diet and medications at baseline? Preliminary analyses suggested that: 1) During the trial, men in the treatment group increased HDL2b; 2) the special intervention was most effective in reducing coronary disease progression in subjects with a baseline predominant HDL-peak diameter below the median; 3) HDL- subclasses were more strongly influenced by diet and adiposity than by drugs during the trial; 4) carbohydrates, alcohol and caffeine were associated with specific subclasses at baseline.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria
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  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005426     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4344
R03HL049857 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: May 25, 2000
Last Updated: February 26, 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Coronary Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Vascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases processed this record on August 17, 2017