Ambulatory Blood Pressure and Prognosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005363
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2016
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
To continue a prospective study of the ability of ambulatory blood pressure to predict cardiovascular morbidity in patients with mild hypertension.

Condition or disease
Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Hypertension

Detailed Description:


This was a continuation of a prospective study of the ability of ambulatory blood pressure to predict cardiovascular morbidity in patients with mild hypertension, which was first started in 1978.


Predictor variables evaluated at entry to the longitudinal study included clinic and ambulatory blood pressures (including measures of pressure level and variability in different settings), left ventricular mass index (LVMI, determined by echocardiography), renin-sodium profile, and other cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., cholesterol and smoking). During follow-up, blood pressure, treatment status, BMI, and clinical course were evaluated. Outcome measures were definite cardiovascular morbid events, defined as sudden cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, congestive heart failure, and coronary artery revascularization. The main hypotheses tested were that ambulatory blood pressure would give a better prediction of outcome than clinic pressure, and that patients with white coat hypertension (defined as a high clinic pressure and normal ambulatory pressure) would be at low risk relative to patients with sustained hypertension. Initial results in 729 patients initially studied between 1978 and 1985 using Cox survival analysis showed that the four most significant predictors of morbid events were daytime blood pressure variability, age, male sex, and serum cholesterol. Patients with white coat hypertension appeared to be at a level of risk intermediate between normotensives and sustained hypertensives, but the differences were not yet significant. Expansion of the cohort size to include patients evaluated initially between 1985 and 1990 provided nearly 2,000 patients altogether, which together with the longer follow-up of the initial cohort provided a sufficient number of morbid events to identify the predictive significance of the different blood pressure measures, and their interaction with other risk factors.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

Study Type : Observational
Study Start Date : August 1992
Actual Study Completion Date : July 1994

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
No eligibility criteria

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005363     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4250
R01HL048945 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 26, 2000    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2016
Last Verified: April 2000

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases