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White Coat Hypertension and Antihypertensive Treatment Effect - SCOR in Hypertension

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005316
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  Purpose
To investigate the mechanisms of white coat hypertension and study it further as a risk factor for heart damage.

Condition
Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Hypertension

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: December 1985
Study Completion Date: November 1995
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

The multidisciplinary SCOR examined causes, consequences, and treatments of human hypertension. A central theme was the renal basis for human hypertension. The subproject on white coat hypertension began in December of 1985.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

In the longitudinal study, eighty patients with white coat hypertension were compared with 40 age- and sex-matched normotensives, and with 80 patients with sustained hypertension. The protocol consisted of (a) clinic blood pressure measurements made both by a physician and a nurse, (b) self-monitoring at home, (c) noninvasive ambulatory monitoring, (d) reactivity testing (cold pressor test, mental arithmetic, and isometric exercise) and (e) Korotkoff signal recording. Patients were also tested for early markers of disease (echocardiography and urine albumin).

The 80 patients in each of the two hypertensive groups were randomized to one of four treatment protocols (20 patients each); an alpha blocker, a beta blocker, a combined alpha- and beta-blocker, or an ACE inhibitor. The doses of medication were adjusted to produce similar reductions of clinic blood pressure in the different groups. The test battery (a-e) was reported during treatment.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
No Contacts or Locations Provided