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Inflammation, Autonomic Dysfunction and Airway Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005298
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  Purpose
To determine whether airway inflammation secondary to inhalation of specific allergens and other environmental agents and functional imbalance of the autonomic nervous system played important roles in asthma and chronic bronchitis.

Condition
Lung Diseases Asthma Bronchitis Inflammation

Study Type: Observational

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: July 1990
Study Completion Date: June 1993
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

Asthma and chronic bronchitis are among the most common chronic diseases afflicting middle-aged and elderly adults in the United States, respectively occurring in 4 percent and 5 percent of the population in these age groups. While chronic bronchitis is often caused by cigarette smoking and asthma often occurs in nonsmokers in association with atopy, the two conditions may be difficult to differentiate in many middle-aged and older adults and may share a number of pathophysiologic features including increased airway smooth muscle tone, increased airway responsiveness to bronchoconstricting stimuli, and bronchial mucus hypersecretion. The precise mechanisms which produce the alterations of airway function are not clear. Such functional alterations may be caused by airway inflammation and abnormalities of the autonomic nervous system; however, there are little population data available regarding the importance of airway inflammation and disordered neural regulation in the pathogenesis of airway hyperresponsiveness and mucus hypersecretion. Also, little is known about potential interactions between airway inflammation and disordered neural regulation of airway function in the pathogenesis of chronic airways disease. Information on the relationships may offer insights into the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying asthma and chronic bronchitis in adults.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The study was cross-sectional and used a subgroup of the Normative Aging Study, a longitudinal study of aging in men established by the Veterans Administration in 1963. The study used data normally collected during NAS examinations and included smoking history, socio-economic status, anthropometry, respiratory symptoms and illnesses, and pulmonary function. New data were collected on: indices of inflammation as indicated by histamine, leukotriene, and serotonin in urine; autonomic activity as indicated by urinary catecholamine excretion and heart rate variation induced by deep breathing; autonomic responsiveness as measured by pupillary alpha-adrenergic and cholinergic responses.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications:
Lazarus R, Sparrow D, Weiss ST. Effects of obesity and fat distribution on ventilatory function: the normative aging study. Chest. 1997 Apr;111(4):891-8.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Weiss ST, DeMolles D, Ingram RH Jr. Volume history effects and airway responsiveness in middle-aged and older men. The Normative Aging Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Mar;155(3):888-92.
Shadick NA, Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, DeMolles D, Weiss ST. Relationship of serum IgE concentration to level and rate of decline of pulmonary function: the Normative Aging Study. Thorax. 1996 Aug;51(8):787-92.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Young JB, Rosner B, Weiss ST. Relationship of urinary serotonin excretion to cigarette smoking and respiratory symptoms. The Normative Aging Study. Chest. 1992 Apr;101(4):976-80.
Freeman R, Weiss ST, Roberts M, Zbikowski SM, Sparrow D. The relationship between heart rate variability and measures of body habitus. Clin Auton Res. 1995 Oct;5(5):261-6.
O'Connor GT, Sparrow D, Weiss ST. A prospective longitudinal study of methacholine airway responsiveness as a predictor of pulmonary-function decline: the Normative Aging Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Jul;152(1):87-92.
Annema JT, Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Rijcken B, Koëter GH, Postma DS, Weiss ST. Chronic respiratory symptoms and airway responsiveness to methacholine are associated with eosinophilia in older men: the Normative Aging Study. Eur Respir J. 1995 Jan;8(1):62-9.
Kawachi I, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Weiss ST. Decreased heart rate variability in men with phobic anxiety (data from the Normative Aging Study). Am J Cardiol. 1995 May 1;75(14):882-5.
Ward KD, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Willett WC, Landsberg L, Weiss ST. The relationships of abdominal obesity, hyperinsulinemia and saturated fat intake to serum lipid levels: the Normative Aging Study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1994 Mar;18(3):137-44.
Ward KD, Sparrow D, Landsberg L, Young JB, Vokonas PS, Weiss ST. The relationship of epinephrine excretion to serum lipid levels: the Normative Aging Study. Metabolism. 1994 Apr;43(4):509-13.
O'Connor GT, Sparrow D, Weiss ST. Normal range of methacholine responsiveness in relation to prechallenge pulmonary function. The Normative Aging Study. Chest. 1994 Mar;105(3):661-6.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Rosner B, Weiss ST. Predictors of longitudinal change in methacholine airway responsiveness among middle-aged and older men: the Normative Aging Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994 Feb;149(2 Pt 1):376-81.
Weiss ST, Sparrow D, O'Connor GT. The interrelationship among allergy, airways responsiveness, and asthma. J Asthma. 1993;30(5):329-49. Review.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Rosner B, DeMolles D, Weiss ST. A longitudinal study of plasma cortisol concentration and pulmonary function decline in men. The Normative Aging Study. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Jun;147(6 Pt 1):1345-8.
Ohman JL Jr, Sparrow D, MacDonald MR. New onset wheezing in an older male population: evidence of allergen sensitization in a longitudinal study. Results of the normative aging study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1993 Mar;91(3):752-7.
O'Connor GT, Sparrow D, Segal M, Weiss ST. Risk factors for ventilatory impairment among middle-aged and elderly men. The Normative Aging Study. Chest. 1993 Feb;103(2):376-82.
Sparrow D, O'Connor GT, Basner RC, Rosner B, Weiss ST. Predictors of the new onset of wheezing among middle-aged and older men. The Normative Aging Study. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Feb;147(2):367-71.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005298     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2021
R01HL045089 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: May 25, 2000
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
Last Verified: June 2000

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Inflammation
Lung Diseases
Bronchitis
Pathologic Processes
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Bronchial Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Infections


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