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A Study to Compare Treatment With Sirolimus Versus Standard Treatment in Patients Who Have Received a Kidney Transplant

This study has been terminated.
(Inability to meet the accrual target of 213.)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
William Harmon, Children's Hospital Boston Identifier:
First received: April 14, 2000
Last updated: March 12, 2012
Last verified: March 2012

The purpose of this study is to compare treatment with the new drug sirolimus (SRL) versus the standard treatment with cyclosporine (CsA) or tacrolimus in children who have received kidney transplants. SRL is a new medication that may prevent the body's immune system from rejecting organ transplants.

After receiving a kidney transplant, the body recognizes the donated kidney as a foreign invader and triggers the immune system to attack the kidney. This can lead to rejection of the new kidney and a failed transplant. To help reduce the risk of kidney rejection, transplant patients are given immunosuppressant drugs, which reduce the body's normal immune response and allow the transplanted organ to function. CsA or tacrolimus are two drugs that are often given to transplant patients. However, these are powerful drugs, and it can cause serious side effects and put a patient at increased risk for infections. SRL is a new drug that has been shown to reduce a transplant patient's chance of rejecting a new kidney, without serious side effects. This study is necessary to test the safety and effectiveness of SRL in children.

Condition Intervention Phase
End-Stage Renal Disease
Kidney Transplantation
Drug: Cyclosporine
Drug: Sirolimus
Drug: Tacrolimus
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Comparative Study of the Effect of Sirolimus Versus Standard Treatment on Clinical Outcomes and Histologic Progression of Allograft Nephropathy in High Risk Pediatric Renal Transplant Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Boston Children’s Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety and efficacy of sirolimus [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Composite endpoint of biopsy proven acute rejection, graft loss, or death [ Time Frame: At Months 6, 12, and 24 ]
  • Rate of clinically diagnosed acute rejection [ Time Frame: At months 6, 12, 24, and 36 ]
  • Rate of change in glomerular filtration rate [ Time Frame: At Month 18 ]
  • Mean change in volume of allograft fibrosis [ Time Frame: At Months 6 and 18 ]
  • Intragraft expression of cytokines [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]
  • Cytokine expression and subsequent development of chronic allograft nephropathy [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]

Enrollment: 102
Study Start Date: July 1999
Study Completion Date: March 2006
Primary Completion Date: July 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Participants will receive SRL, CsA/tacrolimus, and corticosteroids for up to 36 months
Drug: Cyclosporine
Oral tablet taken daily. Dosage is dependent on weight and is titrated to target trough level.
Other Name: CsA
Drug: Sirolimus
Dosage in liquid or tablet form is dependent on body surface area and is titrated to target trough level.
Other Name: SRL
Drug: Tacrolimus
dosage is in oral form titrated to target trough level
Experimental: 2
Participants will receive standard CsA or tacrolimus-based double or triple drug therapy for up to 36 months
Drug: Cyclosporine
Oral tablet taken daily. Dosage is dependent on weight and is titrated to target trough level.
Other Name: CsA
Drug: Tacrolimus
dosage is in oral form titrated to target trough level

Detailed Description:

Successful kidney transplantation has gradually improved over the years; much of the improvement has resulted from the use of CsA. However, adequate and tolerable immunosuppression is difficult to achieve with CsA, and rejection episodes are still frequent. CsA is nephrotoxic, with drug toxicity often masking rejection episodes. Other immunosuppressant therapies can result in a range of complications, including metabolic disturbances, adrenocortical insufficiency, and increased risk for infections. Therefore, more effective drugs with less toxicity are needed to prevent acute rejection, especially in the pediatric population where the overall graft survival rate remains significantly lower when compared with that of adult transplant recipients. SRL is an immunosuppressive agent being developed for the prophylaxis of acute renal allograft rejection. SRL has a unique mechanism of action. It inhibits T and B cell activity. In Phase I and II trials in adults, SRL was generally well tolerated and exhibited no apparent nephrotoxic properties, and significantly lower rates of rejection were seen with SRL when compared to placebo.

Patients receive extensive prestudy screening, which includes a renal core biopsy, chest x-ray, bone density study, blood tests, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Patients are then randomly assigned to 1 of 2 study treatment groups in a 2:1 ratio (142 patients receive SRL, CsA/tacrolimus, and corticosteroids and 71 patients receive standard CsA or tacrolimus-based double or triple drug therapy). SRL is administered as an oral dose of 3 mg/m2/day. Patients are followed for 3 years on therapy, and then for 1 month of follow-up. A renal core biopsy is performed at the time of study entry and at Months 6, 18, and at early termination of patient in study. Patients undergo physical examinations and various blood tests at specified time intervals during the 37-month study period. Efficacy is assessed by comparing the composite endpoint of biopsy-proven acute rejection, graft loss, or death after 36 months of treatment. Safety is assessed by comparing the composite endpoint of graft loss or death after 36 months of treatment.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 20 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Your child may be eligible for this study if he/she:

  • Has received a kidney transplant.
  • Has experienced 1 or more episodes of acute rejection or chronic rejection; a rejection episode must have responded to treatment and have occurred at least 30 days before study enrollment.
  • Has stable kidney function at the time of study enrollment.
  • Is 20 years of age or younger.
  • Has written informed consent of parent or guardian if under the age of 18.
  • Agrees to use birth control during the study and for 3 months following treatment.

Exclusion Criteria

Your child will not be eligible for this study if he/she:

  • Has a history of cancer.
  • Has received a multi-organ transplant (more than a kidney).
  • Has an active infection.
  • Has an abnormal chest X-ray.
  • Cannot provide a kidney biopsy at time of study entry.
  • Is allergic to sirolimus.
  • Has received experimental drugs within 4 weeks of study entry.
  • Is pregnant.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00005113

United States, Massachusetts
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boston Children’s Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: William Harmon, Director, Division of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Boston Identifier: NCT00005113     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DAIT SRL1
DAIT 0468E1-217-US
Study First Received: April 14, 2000
Last Updated: March 12, 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Calcineurin Inhibitors
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents processed this record on May 23, 2017