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A Phase III Study Comparing Two Different Anti-HIV Drug Combinations in HIV-Positive Patients Without Previous Anti-HIV Drug Therapy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004583
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : February 20, 2009
Sponsor:
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to see how safe a new protease inhibitor (PI) is and how well it fights HIV infection. A PI is a drug that stops HIV from using healthy cells to make more virus. This study will compare the new PI combination of ABT-378 plus ritonavir (RTV) with another PI, nelfinavir (NFV).

Earlier studies suggest ABT-378/RTV will be just as good as and perhaps better than NFV at fighting HIV infection.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Lopinavir/Ritonavir Drug: Nelfinavir mesylate Drug: Lamivudine Drug: Stavudine Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Based on the accumulated studies to date, it is expected that ABT-378/ritonavir will provide efficacy that is at least as good as (or superior to) nelfinavir when used in combination with reverse transcriptase inhibitors.

Patients are equally randomized to one of two treatment arms. In one arm, approximately 330 patients receive ABT-378/ritonavir plus nelfinavir placebo. In the other arm, approximately 330 patients receive nelfinavir plus ABT-378/ritonavir placebo. In both arms, these protease inhibitors are blinded to the investigator, patient, and sponsor. Both arms receive open-label stavudine and lamivudine. Vital sign measurements, physical examinations, ECGs, routine clinical laboratory evaluations, and determinations of antiviral and immunologic activity are performed at intervals throughout the study.


Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 660 participants
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase III Study of ABT-378/Ritonavir Plus Stavudine and Lamivudine vs Nelfinavir Plus Stavudine and Lamivudine in Antiretroviral Naive HIV-Infected Subjects
Study Start Date : March 1999

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS
Drug Information available for: Stavudine
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions


Outcome Measures

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

You may be eligible for this trial if you:

  • Are HIV positive.
  • Have a viral load (level of HIV in your blood) of more than 400 copies/ml.
  • Are age 12 or older.
  • Agree to practice abstinence or use effective methods of birth control during the study.

Exclusion Criteria

You will not be eligible for this trial if you:

  • Have taken anti-HIV drugs for more than 14 days in the past, or if you have ever taken d4T or 3TC.
  • Are seriously ill or have an AIDS-related infection.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Are taking certain medications.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00004583


  Show 83 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Abbott
More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004583     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 285C
M98-863
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 20, 2009
Last Verified: February 2009

Keywords provided by Abbott:
Drug Therapy, Combination
Administration, Oral
Stavudine
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Lamivudine
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Anti-HIV Agents
Nelfinavir
ABT 378

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Ritonavir
Lopinavir
Nelfinavir
Lamivudine
Stavudine
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Antimetabolites