Monoclonal Antibody Therapy Plus Etoposide in Treating Patients With Neuroblastoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004110
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : October 31, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining monoclonal antibody therapy with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of monoclonal antibody therapy plus etoposide in treating patients who have neuroblastoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuroblastoma Biological: monoclonal antibody 3F8 Drug: etoposide Drug: isotretinoin Phase 2

Detailed Description:


  • Determine the antitumor effects of monoclonal antibody 3F8, etoposide, and isotretinoin using standard imaging methods and tumor marker studies in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma.
  • Assess progression-free survival in these patients after this treatment.
  • Assess the effects of oral etoposide on human anti-mouse antibody and anti-idiotype response in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to disease status (evaluable but not measurable vs second or subsequent remission with no measurable or evaluable disease).

Patients receive monoclonal antibody 3F8 (MOAB 3F8) IV over 1.5 hours once daily on days 1-10 and oral etoposide once daily on days 29-49. Treatment repeats every 8 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression, human anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) response, or unacceptable toxicity.

If HAMA fails to develop after completion of 4 courses of MOAB 3F8, patients continue treatment with MOAB 3F8 on days 1-5 every 8 weeks until HAMA reaches greater than 1,000 U/mL or until month 24, whichever occurs first.

Beginning after completion of 4 courses of etoposide and MOAB 3F8 or if HAMA develops, patients receive oral isotretinoin twice daily for 14 days followed by at least a 14-day rest. Treatment repeats for a total of 6 courses.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 50 patients (25 per stratum) will be accrued for this study within 5 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Monoclonal Antibody 3F8 and Oral Etoposide for the Treatment of Neuroblastoma
Study Start Date : August 1999
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2004

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • High-risk neuroblastoma by:

    • Histopathology OR
    • Bone marrow involvement plus elevated urinary catecholamines
  • Prior tumor progression on standard chemotherapy and poor long-term prognosis as indicated by 1 or more of the following:

    • N-myc amplification in tumor cells
    • Diploid chromosomal content plus lp loss of heterozygosity in tumor cells
    • Distant skeletal metastases
    • Unresectable primary tumor infiltrating across the midline
    • More than 10% tumor cells in bone marrow
    • Less than 30% chance of long-term progression-free survival
  • Evaluable (microscopic marrow metastasis, elevated tumor markers, abnormal bone scan or MIBG or PET scan) but not measurable (CT scan, MRI) disease documented at least 4 weeks after completion of prior systemic therapy
  • No rapidly progressive disease as defined by 1 or more of the following:

    • Serum lactic dehydrogenase greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal due to tumor
    • An opiate requirement for pain from tumor
    • Greater than 25% increase in tumor by successive imaging studies
    • Life expectancy less than 8 weeks
  • Second or subsequent remission after chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy allowed provided there is less than 30% chance of survival
  • No prior myelodysplastic syndromes or leukemia



  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 8 weeks


  • Not specified


  • No grade 3 or worse liver toxicity


  • No grade 3 or worse renal toxicity
  • Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min


  • No grade 3 or worse cardiac toxicity


  • No grade 3 or worse pulmonary toxicity


  • Not pregnant
  • No grade 3 or worse gastrointestinal toxicity
  • No grade 3 or worse neurologic system toxicity
  • No grade 4 hearing deficit
  • No active life-threatening infection
  • No prior exposure to mouse antibodies and human anti-mouse antibody greater than 1,000 ELISA units/mL
  • No allergy to mouse proteins


Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00004110

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Nai-Kong V. Cheung, MD, PhD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00004110     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MSKCC-IRB-99033
CDR0000067333 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 31, 2013
Last Verified: October 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
regional neuroblastoma
disseminated neuroblastoma
recurrent neuroblastoma
localized unresectable neuroblastoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Etoposide phosphate
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Dermatologic Agents