Lymph Node Removal in Treating Women Who Have Stage I or Stage IIA Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003855
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: July 6, 2015
Last verified: July 2015
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Surgery to remove lymph nodes in the armpit may remove cancer cells that have spread from tumors in the breast.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to determine the effectiveness of removing lymph nodes in the armpit in treating women who have stage I or stage IIA breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Procedure: axillary lymph node dissection
Radiation: whole breast irradiation
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Trial of Axillary Node Dissection in Women With Clinical T1-2 N0-1 M0 Breast Cancer Who Have a Positive Sentinel Node

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Morbidity [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 605
Study Start Date: April 1999
Study Completion Date: February 2011
Primary Completion Date: August 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Surgery + radiotherapy

Patients undergo axillary lymph node dissection involving removal of at least level I and II nodes, followed by whole-breast radiotherapy (exclusive of a third supraclavicular field) 5 days a week for a maximum of 7 weeks. Patients may receive adjuvant systemic therapy at the discretion of the treating physician.

Patients are followed up at 30 days, at 6, 12, 18, 30, and 36 months, and then annually for a total of 10 years.

Procedure: axillary lymph node dissection Radiation: whole breast irradiation
Active Comparator: Radiotherapy

Patients undergo breast radiotherapy only. Patients may receive adjuvant systemic therapy at the discretion of the treating physician.

Patients are followed up at 30 days, at 6, 12, 18, 30, and 36 months, and then annually for a total of 10 years.

Radiation: whole breast irradiation

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary objectives:

Long term: To assess whether overall survival for patients randomized to Arm 2 (no immediate ALND) is essentially equivalent to (or better than) than that for patients assigned to Arm 1 (completion ALND).

Short term: To quantify and compare the surgical morbidities associated with SLND plus ALND versus SLND alone.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. After segmental mastectomy and sentinel lymph node dissection, patients are stratified according to age (50 and under vs over 50), estrogen receptor status (positive vs negative), and tumor size (no greater than 1 cm vs greater than 1 cm but no greater than 2 cm vs greater than 2 cm). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

PLEASE NOTE: Patients registered to this study may undergo intra-operative or post¬operative randomization.

  1. Patient must be female.
  2. Patient must be at least 18 years of age.
  3. Patient's clinical stage must be documented as tumor size less than 5 cm, with no palpable nodes and no evidence of metastatic disease (T1 or T2 N0 M0; see appendices for staging criteria) and the tumor documented as amenable to lumpectomy.
  4. Patient must have a tissue diagnosis of invasive breast carcinoma. Note: A patient can be registered to this study if they have a cytologic diagnosis suggestive of carcinoma from a fine needle aspiration (FNA) of a palpable or non-palpable breast lesion and the investigator believes the breast lesion is clinically suspicious for invasive breast carcinoma.
  5. Date of the patient's first tissue diagnosis of invasive breast carcinoma or cytologic diagnosis of carcinoma must be no more than 60 days prior to the SLND.
  6. The patient who had BCT (segmental mastectomy) performed previously, and is now referred to the local investigator for SLND, is eligible if the BCT was less than or equal to 60 days prior to the SLND. NOTE: Copies of the operative and pathology reports must be submitted as part of the registration process.
  7. Patient must have ECOG/Zubrod status =2, as documented in patient's medical record.
  8. Patient must be available for follow-up.
  9. Patient of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days of beginning study interventions.
  10. Patient must have access to radiation therapy.
  11. A sentinel lymph node must be identified that contains metastatic breast cancer as documented by frozen section, touch prep, or H&E staining on permanent section.

    • NOTE: Patients with metastatic breast cancer identified by immunohistochemistry (IHC) are not eligible.
  12. Patient randomized to ALND must undergo ALND within 42 days of their SLND.
  13. A patient with a history of a previous malignancy is eligible for this study as long as the patient meets the following criteria for a cancer survivor. A cancer survivor is eligible provided that the following criteria are met:

    1. The patient has undergone potentially curative therapy for all prior malignancies,
    2. There has been no evidence of any prior malignancies for at least five years with no evidence of recurrence (except for effectively treated basal cell or squamous carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in -situ of the cervix that has been effectively treated by surgery alone, or lobular carcinoma in-situ of the ipsilateral or contralateral breast treated by surgery alone), and
    3. The patient is deemed by their treating physician to be at low risk for recurrence from prior malignancies.
  14. Patient or the patient's legally acceptable representative must provide a signed and dated written informed consent prior to registration and any study-related procedures.
  15. Patient must provide written authorization to allow the use and disclosure of their protected health information. NOTE: This may be obtained in either the study-specific informed consent or in a separate authorization form and must be obtained from the patient prior to study registration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient is lactating (breastfeeding).
  2. Patient has been previously treated with chemotherapy, estrogen receptor antagonists (i.e., Tamoxifen) or selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs, i.e., Raloxifene) for this invasive breast cancer.
  3. Patient has a previously placed pre-pectoral breast implant. NOTE: A subpectoral implant is allowed.
  4. Patient has concurrent invasive bilateral breast malignancies.
  5. Patient has clinically and radiologically identified multi-centric disease that is not amenable to a single lumpectomy.
  6. Patient has had previous ipsilateral axillary surgery such as excisional biopsy of lymph node(s), treatment of hidradenitis.
  7. Patient has a medical contraindication to ALND or is considered a poor surgical risk due to a non-malignant systemic disease (cardiovascular, renal, etc.) that would preclude the treatment options.
  8. Patient who is noted to have matted nodes or gross extranodal disease at the time of SLND.
  9. Patient has three or more positive sentinel nodes by frozen section, touch prep, or H&E staining on permanent section.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00003855

  Show 156 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Investigators
Study Chair: Armando E. Giuliano, MD John Wayne Cancer Institute at Saint John's Health Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Leitch AM, McCall L, Beitsch P, et al.: Factors influencing accrual to ACOSOG Z0011, a randomized phase III trial of axillary dissection vs. observation for sentinel node positive breast cancer. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 24 (Suppl 18): A-601, 2006.

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003855     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACOSOG-Z0011, GUMC-00153, CDR0000067018
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: July 6, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
stage IA breast cancer
stage IB breast cancer
stage II breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 03, 2015