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Lymph Node Removal in Treating Women Who Have Stage I or Stage IIA Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003855
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : April 29, 2020
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Surgery to remove lymph nodes in the armpit may remove cancer cells that have spread from tumors in the breast.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to determine the effectiveness of removing lymph nodes in the armpit in treating women who have stage I or stage IIA breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Procedure: axillary lymph node dissection Radiation: whole breast irradiation Phase 3

Detailed Description:


Primary objectives:

Long term: To assess whether overall survival for patients randomized to Arm 2 (no immediate ALND) is essentially equivalent to (or better than) than that for patients assigned to Arm 1 (completion ALND).

Short term: To quantify and compare the surgical morbidities associated with SLND plus ALND versus SLND alone.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. After segmental mastectomy and sentinel lymph node dissection, patients are stratified according to age (50 and under vs over 50), estrogen receptor status (positive vs negative), and tumor size (no greater than 1 cm vs greater than 1 cm but no greater than 2 cm vs greater than 2 cm). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 605 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Trial of Axillary Node Dissection in Women With Clinical T1-2 N0-1 M0 Breast Cancer Who Have a Positive Sentinel Node
Study Start Date : April 1999
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Surgery + radiotherapy

Patients undergo axillary lymph node dissection involving removal of at least level I and II nodes, followed by whole-breast radiotherapy (exclusive of a third supraclavicular field) 5 days a week for a maximum of 7 weeks. Patients may receive adjuvant systemic therapy at the discretion of the treating physician.

Patients are followed up at 30 days, at 6, 12, 18, 30, and 36 months, and then annually for a total of 10 years.

Procedure: axillary lymph node dissection
Radiation: whole breast irradiation
Active Comparator: Radiotherapy

Patients undergo breast radiotherapy only. Patients may receive adjuvant systemic therapy at the discretion of the treating physician.

Patients are followed up at 30 days, at 6, 12, 18, 30, and 36 months, and then annually for a total of 10 years.

Radiation: whole breast irradiation

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
  2. Morbidity [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
  3. Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

PLEASE NOTE: Patients registered to this study may undergo intra-operative or post¬operative randomization.

  1. Patient must be female.
  2. Patient must be at least 18 years of age.
  3. Patient's clinical stage must be documented as tumor size less than 5 cm, with no palpable nodes and no evidence of metastatic disease (T1 or T2 N0 M0; see appendices for staging criteria) and the tumor documented as amenable to lumpectomy.
  4. Patient must have a tissue diagnosis of invasive breast carcinoma. Note: A patient can be registered to this study if they have a cytologic diagnosis suggestive of carcinoma from a fine needle aspiration (FNA) of a palpable or non-palpable breast lesion and the investigator believes the breast lesion is clinically suspicious for invasive breast carcinoma.
  5. Date of the patient's first tissue diagnosis of invasive breast carcinoma or cytologic diagnosis of carcinoma must be no more than 60 days prior to the SLND.
  6. The patient who had BCT (segmental mastectomy) performed previously, and is now referred to the local investigator for SLND, is eligible if the BCT was less than or equal to 60 days prior to the SLND. NOTE: Copies of the operative and pathology reports must be submitted as part of the registration process.
  7. Patient must have ECOG/Zubrod status =2, as documented in patient's medical record.
  8. Patient must be available for follow-up.
  9. Patient of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days of beginning study interventions.
  10. Patient must have access to radiation therapy.
  11. A sentinel lymph node must be identified that contains metastatic breast cancer as documented by frozen section, touch prep, or H&E staining on permanent section.

    • NOTE: Patients with metastatic breast cancer identified by immunohistochemistry (IHC) are not eligible.
  12. Patient randomized to ALND must undergo ALND within 42 days of their SLND.
  13. A patient with a history of a previous malignancy is eligible for this study as long as the patient meets the following criteria for a cancer survivor. A cancer survivor is eligible provided that the following criteria are met:

    1. The patient has undergone potentially curative therapy for all prior malignancies,
    2. There has been no evidence of any prior malignancies for at least five years with no evidence of recurrence (except for effectively treated basal cell or squamous carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in -situ of the cervix that has been effectively treated by surgery alone, or lobular carcinoma in-situ of the ipsilateral or contralateral breast treated by surgery alone), and
    3. The patient is deemed by their treating physician to be at low risk for recurrence from prior malignancies.
  14. Patient or the patient's legally acceptable representative must provide a signed and dated written informed consent prior to registration and any study-related procedures.
  15. Patient must provide written authorization to allow the use and disclosure of their protected health information. NOTE: This may be obtained in either the study-specific informed consent or in a separate authorization form and must be obtained from the patient prior to study registration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient is lactating (breastfeeding).
  2. Patient has been previously treated with chemotherapy, estrogen receptor antagonists (i.e., Tamoxifen) or selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs, i.e., Raloxifene) for this invasive breast cancer.
  3. Patient has a previously placed pre-pectoral breast implant. NOTE: A subpectoral implant is allowed.
  4. Patient has concurrent invasive bilateral breast malignancies.
  5. Patient has clinically and radiologically identified multi-centric disease that is not amenable to a single lumpectomy.
  6. Patient has had previous ipsilateral axillary surgery such as excisional biopsy of lymph node(s), treatment of hidradenitis.
  7. Patient has a medical contraindication to ALND or is considered a poor surgical risk due to a non-malignant systemic disease (cardiovascular, renal, etc.) that would preclude the treatment options.
  8. Patient who is noted to have matted nodes or gross extranodal disease at the time of SLND.
  9. Patient has three or more positive sentinel nodes by frozen section, touch prep, or H&E staining on permanent section.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003855

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Armando E. Giuliano, MD Saint John's Cancer Institute
Additional Information:
Publications of Results:

Other Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Identifier: NCT00003855    
Other Study ID Numbers: ACOSOG-Z0011
CDR0000067018 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Physician Data Query )
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 29, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
stage IA breast cancer
stage IB breast cancer
stage II breast cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases