Prognostic Study of Sentinel Lymph Node and Bone Marrow Metastases in Women With Stage I or Stage IIA Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: July 6, 2015
Last verified: July 2015

RATIONALE: Biopsy of sentinel lymph nodes and bone marrow may improve the ability to detect and determine the extent of cancer.

PURPOSE: Phase III prognostic study of sentinel lymph node metastases and bone marrow metastases in women who have stage I or stage IIA breast cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Other: immunohistochemistry staining method
Procedure: lymphangiography
Procedure: sentinel lymph node biopsy
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Radiation: whole breast irradiation
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: A Prognostic Study of Sentinel Node and Bone Marrow Micrometastases in Women With Clinical T1-2 N0 Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Axillary recurrence following detection of negative SN with H&E staining in women who did not have an ALND [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 4590
Study Start Date: April 1999
Study Completion Date: July 2011
Primary Completion Date: August 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Surgery + radiotherapy + adjuvant therapy

Patients undergo bilateral anterior iliac crest bone marrow aspiration to test for presence of micrometastases. Patients then undergo breast-conserving therapy comprising segmental mastectomy and sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) with planned postoperative whole-breast radiotherapy and systemic adjuvant therapy. The SLND comprises ipsilateral axillary sentinel node identification and histopathology.

Patients with no sentinel node identified intraoperatively and patients with sentinel node metastasis identified by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) who choose not to be registered to ACOSOG-Z0011 undergo axillary lymph node dissection involving removal of at least level I and II nodes.

All patients undergo whole-breast radiotherapy (excluding a supraclavicular field) 5 days a week for a maximum of 8 weeks.

Patients are followed at 30 days; at 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months; and then annually until 10 years after surgery.

Other: immunohistochemistry staining method Procedure: lymphangiography Procedure: sentinel lymph node biopsy Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery Radiation: whole breast irradiation

Detailed Description:


  • Estimate the prevalence and evaluate the prognostic significance of sentinel lymph node micrometastases detected by immunohistochemistry in women with stage I or IIA breast cancer.
  • Estimate the prevalence and evaluate the prognostic significance of bone marrow micrometastases detected by immunocytochemistry in these patients.
  • Evaluate the hazard rate for regional recurrence in women whose sentinel nodes are negative by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining.
  • Provide a mechanism for identifying women whose sentinel nodes contain metastases detected by H&E so that these women can be considered as candidates for ACOSOG-Z0011.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient must be female.
  2. Patient's clinical stage must be I or II (T1 or T2 N0 M0) and the tumor must be amenable to segmental mastectomy (lumpectomy).
  3. Patient must have a tissue diagnosis of invasive breast carcinoma. Note: A patient can be registered to this study if they have a cytologic diagnosis suggestive of carcinoma from a fine needle aspiration (FNA) of a palpable or non-palpable breast lesion and the investigator believes the breast lesion is clinically suspicious for invasive breast carcinoma.
  4. The date of the patient's first tissue diagnosis of invasive breast carcinoma or cytologic diagnosis of breast carcinoma must be no more than 60 days prior to SLND.
  5. The patient who had segmental mastectomy (lumpectomy) performed previously, and is now referred to the local investigator for SLND, is eligible if the lumpectomy was less than or equal to 60 days prior to the SLND. Copies of the operative and pathology reports must be submitted as a part of the registration process.
  6. Patient must have ECOG/Zubrod status of ≤2, as documented in patient's medical record.
  7. Patient must be available for follow-up.
  8. The patient with a history of a previous malignancy is eligible for this study as long as the patient meets the following criteria for a cancer survivor. A cancer survivor is eligible provided that the following criteria are met:

    1. The patient has undergone potentially curative therapy for all prior malignancies.
    2. There has been no evidence of any prior malignancies for at least five years with no evidence of recurrence (except for effectively treated basal cell or squamous carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in-situ of the cervix that has been effectively treated by surgery alone, or lobular carcinoma in-situ of the ipsilateral or contralateral breast treated by surgery alone), and
    3. The patient is deemed by their treating physician to be at low risk for recurrence from prior malignancies.
  9. Signed and dated informed consent is obtained prior to patient registration.
  10. Patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days of beginning study interventions.
  11. Patient must be able to physically undergo bilateral anterior iliac crest bone marrow aspiration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient is lactating (breastfeeding).
  2. Patient has been previously treated with chemotherapy, estrogen receptor antagonists (i.e. Tamoxifen) or selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs, i.e. Raloxifene) for this invasive breast cancer.
  3. Patient has a previously placed pre-pectoral breast implant. NOTE: A subpectoral implant is allowed.
  4. Patient is considered a poor surgical risk due to a non-malignant systemic disease (cardiovascular, renal, etc.), which would preclude the treatment options.
  5. Patient has concurrent bilateral invasive breast malignancies.
  6. Patient is not able to undergo and does not have access to radiation therapy as describedin Adjuvant Radiation Therapy in the Interventions section of the protocol.

    Patients with active connective tissue disorders and those that live too far from a radiation treatment center, for example, would not be eligible.

  7. Patient has clinically and radiologically identified multi-centric disease that is not amenable to a single lumpectomy.
  8. Patient has had previous ipsilateral axillary surgery such as excisional biopsy of lymph node(s), treatment of hidradenitis.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003854

  Show 116 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Armando E. Giuliano, MD John Wayne Cancer Institute at Saint John's Health Center
  More Information

Additional Information:

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Identifier: NCT00003854     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACOSOG-Z0010, GUMC-00152, CDR0000067017
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: July 6, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
stage IA breast cancer
stage IB breast cancer
stage II breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases processed this record on October 02, 2015