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Transurethral Resection and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage II or Stage III Bladder Cancer

This study has been terminated.
(low accrual)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: March 5, 2012
Last verified: March 2012

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combination chemotherapy combined with transurethral resection may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of transurethral resection plus combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have stage II or stage III bladder cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Bladder Cancer Biological: filgrastim Drug: cisplatin Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride Drug: methotrexate Drug: vinblastine sulfate Procedure: surgical procedure Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Feasibility Study of Thorough Transurethral Resection (TURB) and Escalated Dose M-VAC Chemotherapy as Primary Treatment of T2-T3a, N0-Nx, M0 Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder, With the Intention of Bladder Preservation

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:

Estimated Enrollment: 73
Study Start Date: September 1998
Primary Completion Date: November 2000 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the percentage of patients with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder who are disease free or who have minimal disease 3 months after thorough transurethral resection (TURB) and escalated dose methotrexate/vinblastine/doxorubicin/cisplatin (M-VAC) chemotherapy. II. Evaluate the combination of thorough TURB and escalated dose M-VAC followed by radiotherapy with respect to bladder preservation for patients who respond to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. III. Evaluate the proportion of patients remaining disease free and not requiring cystectomy at 1 year. IV. Evaluate the feasibility and morbidity of this treatment schedule in multiple institutions applied by urologists of possibly varying endoscopic ability.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients undergo a local transurethral resection. Patients then receive methotrexate IV on day 1, followed by vinblastine IV, doxorubicin IV, and cisplatin IV on day 2. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered on days 4-10. Chemotherapy is repeated every 14 days for 3 courses. After the end of chemotherapy, patients undergo another local transurethral resection in order to define response to treatment. Patients with minimal or no disease are treated with radiotherapy. Patients who still have disease undergo a cystectomy. Patients are followed every 3 months for the first 2 years, and then every 6 months until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 29-73 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with biopsy proven muscle invasion suitable for resection leaving no residual visible or palpable tumor mass Unifocal No greater than 5 cm Stages II and III (T2-T3a, N0-NX, M0) No prior treatment for bladder cancer other than endoscopic resection, intravesical chemotherapy, or intravesical immunotherapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: WHO 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 120,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin normal SGOT/SGPT normal Renal: GFR at least 50 mL/min Cardiovascular: Normal cardiac function (i.e., no New York Heart Association class II-IV) Other: Normal auditory function No second primary malignant tumor except basal cell carcinoma of the skin Fit for cisplatin containing combination chemotherapy, radical radiotherapy, or cystectomy No active infections Not pregnant or nursing No concurrent illness that significantly affects clinical assessments

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No prior systemic chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy to the bladder Surgery: See Disease Characteristics No prior partial cystectomy Prior transurethral resection of the bladder allowed

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003640

San Raffaele Hospital
Rome, Italy, 00144
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Study Chair: Cora N. Sternberg, MD, FACP Istituto Scientifico H. San Raffaele
  More Information

Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC Identifier: NCT00003640     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-30971
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: March 5, 2012

Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
stage II bladder cancer
stage III bladder cancer
transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liposomal doxorubicin
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors processed this record on August 18, 2017