Transurethral Resection and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage II or Stage III Bladder Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003640
Recruitment Status : Terminated (low accrual)
First Posted : May 20, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combination chemotherapy combined with transurethral resection may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of transurethral resection plus combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have stage II or stage III bladder cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bladder Cancer Biological: filgrastim Drug: cisplatin Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride Drug: methotrexate Drug: vinblastine sulfate Procedure: surgical procedure Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the percentage of patients with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder who are disease free or who have minimal disease 3 months after thorough transurethral resection (TURB) and escalated dose methotrexate/vinblastine/doxorubicin/cisplatin (M-VAC) chemotherapy. II. Evaluate the combination of thorough TURB and escalated dose M-VAC followed by radiotherapy with respect to bladder preservation for patients who respond to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. III. Evaluate the proportion of patients remaining disease free and not requiring cystectomy at 1 year. IV. Evaluate the feasibility and morbidity of this treatment schedule in multiple institutions applied by urologists of possibly varying endoscopic ability.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients undergo a local transurethral resection. Patients then receive methotrexate IV on day 1, followed by vinblastine IV, doxorubicin IV, and cisplatin IV on day 2. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered on days 4-10. Chemotherapy is repeated every 14 days for 3 courses. After the end of chemotherapy, patients undergo another local transurethral resection in order to define response to treatment. Patients with minimal or no disease are treated with radiotherapy. Patients who still have disease undergo a cystectomy. Patients are followed every 3 months for the first 2 years, and then every 6 months until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 29-73 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 73 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Feasibility Study of Thorough Transurethral Resection (TURB) and Escalated Dose M-VAC Chemotherapy as Primary Treatment of T2-T3a, N0-Nx, M0 Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder, With the Intention of Bladder Preservation
Study Start Date : September 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2000

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bladder Cancer
U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with biopsy proven muscle invasion suitable for resection leaving no residual visible or palpable tumor mass Unifocal No greater than 5 cm Stages II and III (T2-T3a, N0-NX, M0) No prior treatment for bladder cancer other than endoscopic resection, intravesical chemotherapy, or intravesical immunotherapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: WHO 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 120,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin normal SGOT/SGPT normal Renal: GFR at least 50 mL/min Cardiovascular: Normal cardiac function (i.e., no New York Heart Association class II-IV) Other: Normal auditory function No second primary malignant tumor except basal cell carcinoma of the skin Fit for cisplatin containing combination chemotherapy, radical radiotherapy, or cystectomy No active infections Not pregnant or nursing No concurrent illness that significantly affects clinical assessments

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No prior systemic chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy to the bladder Surgery: See Disease Characteristics No prior partial cystectomy Prior transurethral resection of the bladder allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003640

San Raffaele Hospital
Rome, Italy, 00144
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Study Chair: Cora N. Sternberg, MD, FACP Istituto Scientifico H. San Raffaele

Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC Identifier: NCT00003640     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-30971
First Posted: May 20, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 6, 2012
Last Verified: March 2012

Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
stage II bladder cancer
stage III bladder cancer
transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Dermatologic Agents
Folic Acid Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents