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Interferon Alfa-2b With or Without Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Melanoma That Has Metastasized to Lymph Nodes in the Neck, Under the Arm, or in the Groin

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003444
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 24, 2004
Last Update Posted : January 27, 2010
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Interferon alfa-2b may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. It is not yet known whether giving radiation therapy with interferon alfa-2b is more effective than giving interferon alfa-2b alone in treating melanoma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of radiation therapy plus interferon alfa-2b with that of interferon alfa-2b alone in treating patients who have melanoma that has metastasized to lymph nodes in the neck, under the arm, or in the groin.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma (Skin) Biological: recombinant interferon alfa Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the effectiveness of postoperative hypofractionated radiotherapy in combination with high dose interferon in preventing regional relapse in patients with malignant melanoma with any number of nodes with clinical extracapsular extension or previous nodal basin recurrence. II. Evaluate the effectiveness of this therapy in prolonging relapse free and overall survival in this patient population. III. Evaluate the toxicity of this therapy in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to prior nodal basin recurrence, site of disease, and extracapsular extension. Following surgery, patients are randomized to receive either interferon alfa-2b alone or five treatments of radiotherapy followed by interferon alfa-2b. Patients receive radiotherapy 2 days a week for 2.5 weeks. Patients receive interferon alfa-2b IV over 20 minutes daily for 5 days for a total of 28 days, followed by subcutaneous injections 3 times a week for 48 weeks. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for 3 years, then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 167 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 167 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized Phase III Clinical Trial Assessing the Role of Post-Operative Radiotherapy Plus Adjuvant Interferon Alpha-2b in Patients With Cervical, Axillary, and Inguinal Nodal Metastasis From Cutaneous Melanoma
Study Start Date : October 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2003

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically documented malignant melanoma in node(s) meeting one or more of the following criteria: 1 or more lymph nodes found to contain metastatic melanoma with gross evidence of extracapsular nodal extension Nodal recurrence at the site of previous lymphadenectomy All gross cancer removed with negative margins Prior node biopsy allowed if complete nodal dissection performed Parotid involvement outside a node allowed No distant metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 125,000/mm3 Hematocrit at least 33% Hepatic: AST no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) LDH no greater than 2 times ULN Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times ULN Bilirubin no greater than 2 times ULN If LDH or alkaline phosphatase are above normal, CT or MRI of liver required Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.8 mg/dL BUN no greater than 33 mg/dL Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No other prior or concurrent malignancies within 2 years, except any carcinoma in situ, lobular carcinoma of the breast in situ, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, atypical melanocytic hyperplasia or Clark I melanoma in situ, or basal or squamous cell skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior interferon Chemotherapy: Not specified Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy to the head and neck, axillary, or inguinal areas Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Recovered from prior surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003444

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Maury M. Rosenstein, MD UPMC Cancer Center at UPMC St. Margaret

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Responsible Party: Group Chair, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00003444    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066472
First Posted: May 24, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 27, 2010
Last Verified: January 2010
Keywords provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group:
stage III melanoma
stage IV melanoma
recurrent melanoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Interferon alpha-2
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs