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Rituximab Plus Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Lymphoma

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Rochester Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: October 14, 2013
Last verified: October 2013

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of combining rituximab and interleukin-2 intreating patients who have low-grade mantle cell lymphoma or follicular lymphoma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Biological: aldesleukin
Biological: rituximab
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Rituxan and IL-2 in Patients With Low Grade or Follicular B-Cell Lymphoma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Rochester:

Estimated Enrollment: 58
Study Start Date: November 1997
Study Completion Date: May 2002
Primary Completion Date: May 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the response rate in patients with low-grade, mantle cell, or follicular B-cell lymphoma treated with a combination of rituximab and low-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2). II. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of IL-2 when given in conjunction with rituximab in this patient population. III. Assess whether antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) is enhanced by in vivo exposure to IL-2 and whether ADCC activity correlates with clinical response in these patients. IV. Assess the incidence of antirituximab antibody formation in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive interleukin-2 (IL-2) subcutaneously on days 1-5 and rituximab IV on day 3. Courses repeat weekly for up to 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed weekly for 4 weeks and then every 3 months for 1 year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 14-29 patients with low-grade/follicular lymphoma and 14-29 patients with mantle cell lymphoma will be accrued for this study within 2-5 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed stage II-IV low-grade, mantle cell, or follicular B-cell lymphoma Stage I disease is eligible only if radiotherapy is not considered feasible due to location of disease or previous radiation treatments No chronic lymphocytic lymphoma No small lymphocytic lymphoma with lymphocyte count greater than 5,000/mm3 Must be either first-line therapy or no more than 4 relapses after standard therapies, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, autologous bone marrow transplantation, and/or immunotherapy Eligible if refractory to first treatment with a standard therapy Patients refractory to autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) or relapsed after ABMT are eligible Patients with low-grade or follicular lymphoma must have failed at least one chemotherapy regimen Patients with mantle cell lymphoma are eligible even if no prior treatment Bidimensionally measurable disease Demonstrable monoclonal CD20-positive B-cell population in lymph nodes or bone marrow No prior diagnosis of intermediate or high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma No CNS, pericardial, pleural, or peritoneal involvement by lymphoma No AIDS-related lymphoma No pleural effusion No ascites A new classification scheme for adult non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has been adopted by PDQ. The terminology of "indolent" or "aggressive" lymphoma will replace the former terminology of "low", "intermediate", or "high" grade lymphoma. However, this protocol uses the former terminology.

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 75 Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 4 months Hematopoietic: Absolute granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 8.0 g/dL Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) SGOT no greater than 2 times ULN Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 65 mL/min Cardiovascular: See Disease Characteristics No pericardial effusion No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months Other: No active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infection No active opportunistic infection No active inflammatory arthritis (excluding degenerative joint disease) No known hypersensitivity to interleukin-2 No history of an autoimmune disorder No history of seizure disorder No other primary malignancy in the past 5 years except squamous cell or basal cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics No prior radioimmunotherapy At least 6 months since prior autologous bone marrow transplantation and recovered At least 4 weeks since prior colony-stimulating factors or epoetin alfa At least 3 weeks since prior immunotherapy and recovered No concurrent hematopoietic growth factors Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosourea or mitomycin) and recovered Endocrine therapy: At least 3 weeks since prior corticosteroids No corticosteroids during or for 8 weeks after study Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics See Biologic therapy At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered Surgery: Not a recipient of an allogeneic organ transplantation, unless organ is no longer functional At least 4 weeks since any prior major surgery (except diagnostic surgery) and recovered

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003356

United States, New York
University of Rochester Cancer Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Rochester
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Joseph D. Rosenblatt, MD University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Rochester Identifier: NCT00003356     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066338
P30CA011198 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: October 14, 2013

Keywords provided by University of Rochester:
stage I grade 1 follicular lymphoma
stage I grade 2 follicular lymphoma
stage III grade 1 follicular lymphoma
stage III grade 2 follicular lymphoma
stage IV grade 1 follicular lymphoma
stage IV grade 2 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 1 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 2 follicular lymphoma
stage I mantle cell lymphoma
contiguous stage II grade 1 follicular lymphoma
contiguous stage II grade 2 follicular lymphoma
contiguous stage II mantle cell lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II grade 1 follicular lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II grade 2 follicular lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II mantle cell lymphoma
stage III mantle cell lymphoma
stage IV mantle cell lymphoma
recurrent mantle cell lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II small lymphocytic lymphoma
noncontiguous stage II marginal zone lymphoma
recurrent marginal zone lymphoma
recurrent small lymphocytic lymphoma
stage I marginal zone lymphoma
stage I small lymphocytic lymphoma
stage III small lymphocytic lymphoma
stage III marginal zone lymphoma
stage IV small lymphocytic lymphoma
stage IV marginal zone lymphoma
contiguous stage II marginal zone lymphoma
contiguous stage II small lymphocytic lymphoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents processed this record on May 25, 2017