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Cryosurgery in Treating Patients With Unresectable Liver Metastases From Colorectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: February 6, 2009
Last verified: March 2004

RATIONALE: Cryosurgery for liver metastases may have fewer side effects and improve recovery.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of cryosurgery for patients with unresectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer Metastatic Cancer Procedure: cryosurgery Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Cryoablation for Treatment of Unresectable Colorectal Hepatic Metastases

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: August 1997
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the feasibility of conducting a multi-institutional clinical study of cryosurgery for liver metastases. II. Evaluate the morbidity and mortality of cryosurgery for liver metastases when applied in a multi-institutional setting. III. Evaluate the efficacy of cryosurgery for liver metastases as measured by total liver control, local lesion control, and overall survival.

OUTLINE: This is a multi-institutional study. Patients are first confirmed by exploratory laparotomy to have no extrahepatic metastases. They then undergo biopsy of the portal lymph node, after which, full mobilization of liver is recommended. Cholecystectomy is optional but recommended for treatment of tumors adjacent to the gallbladder. After mapping out the location and size of the metastatic tumor by ultrasound, cryoablation of the metastases is carried out. Cryoablation involves the delivery of nitrogen through metallic probes placed surgically into the center of the liver metastases. There are two freeze and thaw cycles for each lesion with synchronous intraoperative ultrasound monitoring of the cryoablation. One centimeter margin of cryoablation is determined by this ultrasound image. Treatment of the liver with regional chemotherapy is not allowed until radiographic and pathologic confirmation of disease progression in the liver. Follow-up is at 3 weeks after surgery and then every 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: There will be a maximum of 45 patients accrued in approximately 3 years for this study. This is a two stage accrual design in which 17 patients are first accrued of which 15 should be eligible. If fewer than 11 of the initial 15 eligible patients show no evidence of disease at 3 months, the study stops and treatment is abandoned. If at least 11 patients show no evidence of disease, then 28 additional patients are accrued.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed primary colorectal adenocarcinoma with synchronous and metachronous metastases to liver 1 to 5 liver metastases demonstrated by rapid sequence CT scan or Feridex-enhanced MRI within 2 weeks of registration CT portography not required No single metastasis greater than 6 cm Maximum liver involvement must not be more than 40% by volume No extrahepatic metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Hematopoietic: Platelet count greater than 80,000/mm3 Prothrombin time less than 15.0 seconds Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL Renal: Not specified Other: Must be disease free for at least 5 years except for treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: Prior chemotherapy allowed No concurrent regional chemotherapy allowed Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002997

United States, New Jersey
Hackensack University Medical Center
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
United States, New York
University of Rochester Cancer Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Pennsylvania
Hahnemann University Hospital
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19102-1192
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: James L. Peacock, MD James P. Wilmot Cancer Center
  More Information Identifier: NCT00002997     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065545
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: February 6, 2009

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV colon cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
adenocarcinoma of the rectum
liver metastases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes processed this record on August 21, 2017