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Radiation Therapy With and Without Combination Chemotherapy in Patients With Resected Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002840
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 22, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 10, 2012
Medical Research Council
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells, and may be an effective treatment for anaplastic oligodendroglioma. Combining combination chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare radiation therapy with and without combination chemotherapy in patients with resected anaplastic oligodendroglioma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Drug: lomustine Drug: procarbazine hydrochloride Drug: vincristine sulfate Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare survival and time to first progression in patients with anaplastic oligodendroglioma treated with radiotherapy with or without adjuvant procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV) following surgical resection. II. Investigate the effect of PCV on quality of life and neurologic function in these patients. III. Determine the toxicity of PCV in these patients. IV. Correlate chromosomal lesions (1p and/or 19q, 9p, p53 loss and mutation, amplification of chromosome 7, or loss of chromosome 10) with progression-free and overall survival in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to age, extent of resection, performance status, prior surgery, and participating center. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Within 4-6 weeks after surgery, patients undergo radiotherapy over 7 weeks to the residual tumor volume. Arm II: Patients undergo radiotherapy as in arm I, then begin chemotherapy within 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy. Patients receive oral lomustine on day 1, oral procarbazine on days 8-21, and vincristine IV on days 8 and 29. Treatment repeats every 6 weeks in stable and responding patients for a total of 6 courses. Patients with disease recurrence may receive 6 additional courses of chemotherapy as above or another modality at the investigator's discretion. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 350 patients will be accrued for this study within 4 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 350 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : August 1996
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2002

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 69 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Newly diagnosed oligodendroglioma or oligoastrocytoma (with at least 25% oligodendral elements) Low-grade oligodendroastrocytoma or oligodendroglioma that is recurrent after surgery without radiotherapy is allowed Prior partial or gross total resection of tumor (or biopsy only in case of no further surgical option) required At least 3 of the following histologic anaplastic features: High cellularity Endothelial abnormalities Nuclear abnormalities Necrosis Mitoses

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 16 to 69 Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 3 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.4 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.3 mg/dL Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No active or uncontrolled infection No other disease, including malignancy, that would preclude study No neurologic or psychiatric disturbance that would preclude study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No prior radiotherapy to the skull Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002840

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Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Medical Research Council
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Study Chair: Martin J. van Den Bent, MD Daniel Den Hoed Cancer Center at Erasmus Medical Center
Publications of Results:
Preusser M, Hoeftberger R, Woehrer A, et al.: Prognostic value and analytical performance (reproducibility) of Ki67 index in anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors: A translational study of the EORTC Brain Tumor Group. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 28 (Suppl 15): A-2029, 2010.
van den Bent MJ, Delattre JY, Brandes AA, et al.: First analysis of EORTC trial 26951, a randomized phase III study of adjuvant PCV chemotherapy in patients with highly anaplastic oligodendroglioma. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 23 (Suppl 16): A-1503, 114s, 2005.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC Identifier: NCT00002840    
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-26951
First Posted: January 22, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 10, 2012
Last Verified: July 2012
Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
recurrent adult brain tumor
adult anaplastic oligodendroglioma
adult mixed glioma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents