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Combination Chemotherapy, Bone Marrow Transplantation, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Infants With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002785
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 16, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2014
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells. Bone marrow transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy and kill more cancer cells. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy, bone marrow transplantation, and radiation therapy in treating infants with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Biological: filgrastim Drug: asparaginase Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: cyclosporine Drug: cytarabine Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride Drug: dexamethasone Drug: etoposide Drug: leucovorin calcium Drug: mercaptopurine Drug: mesna Drug: methotrexate Drug: methylprednisolone Drug: pegaspargase Drug: prednisone Drug: therapeutic hydrocortisone Drug: vincristine sulfate Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Radiation: low-LET cobalt-60 gamma ray therapy Radiation: low-LET photon therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the feasibility and outcome of intensified induction/consolidation followed by intensified re-induction/re-intensification in infants less than 1 year of age with newly diagnosed acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). II. Evaluate the feasibility and outcome of bone marrow transplantation using family or unrelated donors in infants with the 11q23 abnormality. III. Evaluate neuropsychologic outcome upon completion of protocol therapy in patients who have reached the ages of 3 and 7 years, with special attention to the outcome in infants who received total-body irradiation. IV. Study the biology of infant ALL in samples of leukemic blood and bone marrow. V. Study the possible associations among patient- and disease-specific factors and family sociodemographic characteristics that mediate treatment outcome.

OUTLINE: Upon completion of Induction/Intensification and Re-Induction therapy, patients with the 11q23 abnormality and with a matched or one-antigen mismatched related or unrelated donor proceed immediately to Transplantation; all others proceed to Re-Intensification, Consolidation, Intensified Maintenance, and Routine Maintenance. The following acronyms are used: AlBM Allogeneic Bone Marrow ARA-C Cytarabine, NSC-63878 ASP Asparaginase, NSC-109229 CF Leucovorin calcium, NSC-3590 CTX Cyclophosphamide, NSC-26271 CYSP Cyclosporine, NSC-290193 DM Dexamethasone, NSC-34521 DNR Daunorubicin, NSC-82151 G-CSF Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor (Amgen), NSC-614629 HC Hydrocortisone, NSC-10483 MePRDL Methylprednisolone, NSC-19987 Mesna Mercaptoethane sulfonate, NSC-113891 MP Mercaptopurine, NSC-755 MTX Methotrexate, NSC-740 PEG-ASP Pegaspargase, NSC-644954 PRED Prednisone, NSC-10023 TBI Total-Body Irradiation TIT Triple Intrathecal Therapy (IT ARA-C/IT HC/IT MTX) VCR Vincristine, NSC-67574 VH Very High Dose VP-16 Etoposide, NSC-141540 INDUCTION/INTENSIFICATION: 5-Drug Combination Systemic Chemotherapy followed by 3-Drug Combination Systemic Chemotherapy plus 3-Drug Combination Intrathecal Chemotherapy. DM/VCR/DNR/CTX/Mesna/ASP; followed by MTX/CF/VP-16/CTX/Mesna; plus TIT. RE-INDUCTION: 5-Drug Combination Systemic Chemotherapy plus 3-Drug Combination Intrathecal Chemotherapy. DNR/VCR/CTX/Mesna/ASP/DM; plus TIT. RE-INTENSIFICATION: 2-Drug Combination Systemic Chemotherapy plus Single-Agent Intrathecal Chemotherapy followed by 2-Drug Combination Systemic Chemotherapy. VCR/VH MTX/CF; plus IT ARA-C; followed by VP-16/CTX/Mesna. CONSOLIDATION: 2-Drug Combination Systemic Chemotherapy followed by 2-Drug Combination Systemic Chemotherapy plus Single-Agent Intrathecal Chemotherapy. ARA-C/ASP; followed by VH MTX/CF/VCR; plus IT ARA-C. INTENSIFIED MAINTENANCE: 4-Drug Combination Systemic Chemotherapy plus Single-Agent Intrathecal Chemotherapy followed by 2-Drug Combination Systemic Chemotherapy. DM/VCR/MTX/MP; plus IT ARA-C followed by VP-16/CTX/Mesna. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE: 4-Drug Combination Systemic Chemotherapy plus Single-Agent Intrathecal Chemotherapy. VCR/MTX/MP/PRED; plus IT MTX. TRANSPLANTATION: 2-Drug Combination Myeloablative Chemotherapy followed by Radiotherapy followed by Hematopoietic Rescue plus GVHD Prophylaxis. ARA-C/CTX; followed by TBI using a linear accelerator or Co60 equipment; followed by AlBM; plus MePRDL; CYSP.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 100 patients per year will be entered over approximately 3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Infants Less Than 1 Year of Age.
Study Start Date : July 1996
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2007

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event Free Survival

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 1 Year   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in infants under 12 months of age at diagnosis Adequate bone marrow and/or peripheral blood specimens with blasts available No prior treatment for ALL except emergency therapy for the following: Blast cell crisis Superior vena cava syndrome Renal failure due to leukemic infiltration of the kidneys

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: See General Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002785

Show Show 33 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Patricia A. Dinndorf, MD Children's National Research Institute
Publications of Results:
Robinson BW, Cao K, Hilden JM, et al.: Age is the strongest determinant of leukemia blast cell gene expression in MLL-rearranged infant ALL and MLL-AF4 directs a distinct gene expression profile related to CNS disease. [Abstract] Blood 112 (11): A-1200, 2008.
Hilden JM, Dinndorf PA, Meerbaum SO, et al.: CCG 1953: acute lymphoblastic leukemia in infants: analysis of prognostic factors: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. [Abstract] Blood 106 (11): A-7, 2005.

Other Publications:
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Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00002785    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1953
CCG-1953 ( Other Identifier: Children's Cancer Group )
CDR0000064841 ( Other Identifier: Clinical )
First Posted: June 16, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2014
Last Verified: July 2014
Keywords provided by Children's Oncology Group:
untreated childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Hydrocortisone 17-butyrate 21-propionate
Hydrocortisone acetate
Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate