Vinorelbine Plus Cisplatin or No Further Therapy in Treating Patients With Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Has Been Surgically Removed

This study has been completed.
Southwest Oncology Group
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Cancer and Leukemia Group B
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NCIC Clinical Trials Group Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: September 20, 2012
Last verified: March 2012

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known if combination chemotherapy is more effective than no further treatment for non-small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of vinorelbine plus cisplatin with that of no further therapy in treating patients who have stage I or stage II non-small cell lung cancer that has been completely removed during surgery.

Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Cancer
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: vinorelbine ditartrate
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by NCIC Clinical Trials Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • survival [ Time Frame: At time of death ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 482
Study Start Date: July 1994
Study Completion Date: December 2009
Primary Completion Date: December 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: Observation
Observation only
Active Comparator: Chemotherapy
Cisplatin and Vinorelbine
Drug: cisplatin
50 mg/m2 IV
Drug: vinorelbine ditartrate
25 mg/m2 IV

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the duration of overall and disease-free survival in patients with completely resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) randomized to adjuvant chemotherapy with vinorelbine and cisplatin versus observation only. II. Confirm the prognostic significance of ras mutations when present in the primary tumor. III. Provide a comprehensive tumor bank linked to a clinical database for the further study of molecular markers in resected NSCLC. IV. Measure and compare the health-related quality of life of patients on both treatment arms. V. Evaluate any toxicity related to this treatment regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to participating institution, nodal status (N0 vs N1), and ras mutation status of primary tumor (absent vs present vs unknown). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients are evaluated at 3 and 6 months after randomization. Arm II: Patients receive vinorelbine IV over 6-10 minutes weekly for 16 weeks. Patients also receive cisplatin IV on days 1 and 8 every 4 weeks for a total of 4 courses. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life is assessed at Canadian centers. Quality of life assessments are optional for ECOG and SWOG centers. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 450 patients will be accrued for this study within 6.75 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed primary non-small cell lung cancer that is completely resected No mixed small and non-small cell histologies Pathologic T2 N0 or T1-2 N1 T1 N1 and T2 N1 only for CALGB institutions Removal of all gross disease with negative resection margins by lobectomy, sleeve resection, bilobectomy, or pneumonectomy (based on intraoperative findings) No segmentectomy or wedge resection Complete mediastinal lymph node resection or sampling required at primary tumor resection, with minimum levels of nodal sampling as follows: Primary in right upper lobe - levels 4, 7, 10 Primary in right middle lobe - levels 4, 7, 10 Primary in right lower lobe - levels 4, 7, 9, 10 Primary in left upper lobe - levels 5, 6, 7, 10 Primary in left lower lobe - levels 7, 9, 10 If complete mediastinal lymph node resection has not been undertaken, any mediastinal lymph node which measured 1.5 cm or more on presurgical CT scan must have been biopsied and found to be free of metastatic involvement Disease at nodal station 10 (tracheobronchial angle) is considered N2 disease for this trial and is not eligible No more than one discrete primary tumor No bronchoalveolar carcinoma with lobar or multilobar involvement Discrete solitary radiological mass or nodule eligible Snap frozen fresh primary tumor tissue must be submitted to Lung Cancer Tumor Bank within 14 days after surgery by selected Canadian centers Others to submit representative paraffin block within 2 months of surgery

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over (lower age limit determined by individual center) Performance status: ECOG 0 or 1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute granulocyte count greater than 2,000/mm3 Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin greater than 10.0 g/dL Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.25 times normal AST/ALT no greater than 1.25 times normal Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 1.25 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.7 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No history of congestive heart failure or other cardiac abnormality that may preclude hydration necessary for cisplatin administration Other: No active pathologic condition that would preclude study No active uncontrolled infection No history of psychiatric or neurologic disorder that would preclude study No prior breast cancer, melanoma, or hypernephroma No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated nonmelanomatous skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception Ability to tolerate treatment (based on consultation between the thoracic surgeon and a medical oncologist or hematologist) and available for follow-up

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Complete resection required Randomization between 28 and 40 days after surgery required

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002583

  Show 155 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
NCIC Clinical Trials Group
Southwest Oncology Group
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Cancer and Leukemia Group B
Study Chair: Timothy L. Winton, MD University of Alberta
Study Chair: Eric Vallieres, MD, FRCSC University of Washington
Study Chair: Russell F. DeVore, MD Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
Study Chair: James R. Rigas, MD Norris Cotton Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Jang RW, Le Maître A, Ding K, et al.: A Q-TWiST analysis of adjuvant chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the NCIC CTG JBR.10 trial. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 26 (Suppl 15): A-6535, 2008.
Tsao MS, Zhu C, Ding K, et al.: A 15-gene expression signature prognostic for survival and predictive for adjuvant chemotherapy benefit in JBR.10 patients. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 26 (Suppl 15): A-7510, 2008.
Bezjak A, Lee CW, Ding K, et al.: Quality of life (QOL) impact of adjuvant chemotherapy for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): final analysis of JBR.10 randomized trial. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-7585, 405s, 2007.
Tsao MS, Aviel-Ronen S, Ding K, et al.: P53 protein over-expression but not p53 gene mutation is a poor prognostic marker and a predictive marker for survival benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the JBR.10 trial. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-7577, 403s, 2007.
Pepe C, Hasan B, Winton T, et al.: Adjuvant chemotherapy in elderly patients: an analysis of National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group and Intergroup BR.10. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 24 (Suppl 18): A-7009, 2006.
Reiman T, Lai R, Ding K, et al.: Class III beta tubulin expression and benefit from adjuvant cisplatin/vinorelbine chemotherapy in operable non-small cell lung cancer: analysis of the National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group (NCIC CTG) study JBR.10. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 24 (Suppl 18): A-7051, 376s, 2006.
Gauthier I, Ding K, Winton T, et al.: Impact of hemoglobin (Hb) on outcomes of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) with cisplatin/vinorelbine in patients (pts) with completely resected non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in JBR.10. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 23 (Suppl 16): A-7200, 670s, 2005.
Winton TL, Livingston R, Johnson D, et al.: A prospective randomised trial of adjuvant vinorelbine (VIN) and cisplatin (CIS) in completely resected stage 1B and II non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) Intergroup JBR.10. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 22 (Suppl 14): A-7018, 621s, 2004.
Alam N, Shepherd F, Winton T, et al.: Compliance with adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) in non-small lung cancer (NSCLC): NCIC-CTG BR.10/JBR.10. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 22: A-2547, 633, 2003.
Beziak A, Winton T, Ding K, et al.: Quality of life in a trial of adjuvant chemotherapy for early stage completely resected non-small cell lung cancer (NCIC CTG BR.10). [Abstract] Lung Cancer 41 (Suppl 2): S20, 2003.
Hicks L, Cheung M, Hasan B, et al.: Venous thromboembolism and non-small cell lung cancer: a pooled analysis of National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group (NCIC CTG) trials. [Abstract] Blood 110 (11): A-3995, 2007.
Pignon JP, Tribodet H, Scagliotti GV, et al.: Lung Adjuvant Cisplatin Evaluation (LACE): a pooled analysis of five randomized clinical trials including 4,584 patients. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 24 (Suppl 18): A-7008, 2006.

Responsible Party: NCIC Clinical Trials Group Identifier: NCT00002583     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BR10, CAN-NCIC-BR10, CLB-9795, E-JBR10, SWOG-JBR10, GW-565/040, NCI-V94-0492, CDR0000063698
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: September 20, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by NCIC Clinical Trials Group:
stage I non-small cell lung cancer
stage II non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Bronchial Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Lung Diseases
Neoplasms by Site
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on July 30, 2015