Safety and Effectiveness of Adding PMPA Prodrug to an Anti-HIV Drug Combination to Treat HIV-Infected Patients

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service Identifier:
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: November 1999
The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe and effective to add PMPA Prodrug (a new anti-HIV drug) to an anti-HIV drug combination taken by patients who have taken anti-HIV drugs in the past. Genetic response will be studied.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of the Safety and Antiviral Activity of the Addition of PMPA Prodrug to Combination Antiretroviral Regimens in Treatment-Experienced HIV-Infected Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:

Estimated Enrollment: 175
Detailed Description:
Prior to study entry patients are stratified according to HIV-1 RNA level, CD4 cell count, and number of antiretroviral drugs. PMPA Prodrug or placebo is added to current antiretroviral regimens, and is administered in one of three dosing regimens. Patients randomized to receive placebo are eligible to receive open-label PMPA Prodrug for the remainder of the 48-week study period after at least 24 weeks post randomization.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

You may be eligible for this study if you:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Have an HIV count of 400 - 50,000 copies/ml.
  • Are expected to live for at least 1 year.
  • Have been taking the same anti-HIV drug combination (made up of no more than 3 anti-HIV drugs) for at least 8 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Are at least 18 years old.
  • Agree to use effective methods of birth control during the study.

Exclusion Criteria

You will not be eligible for this study if you:

  • Have taken medications for certain infections within 15 days prior to study entry.
  • Have a history of cancer, except Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) or skin cancer.
  • Develop a new AIDS-related condition within 30 days of study entry.
  • Have certain serious medical conditions, including severe nausea, vomiting, or other stomach problems that make you unable to take medications by mouth.
  • Have received a vaccine within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Have taken certain medications, including those that may affect your kidneys.
  • Abuse alcohol or drugs.
  • Are pregnant.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002415

  Show 24 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences
  More Information

Miller MD, Margot NA, Schooley R, McGowan I. Baseline and week 48 final phenotypic analysis of HIV-1 from patients adding tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) therapy to background ART. 8th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 2001 Feb 4-8 (abstract no 441)
Schooley R, Myers R, Ruane R, Beall G, Lampiris H, McGowan I. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) for the treatment of HIV infection. 39th Intersci Conf Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1999 Sep (abstract no I302I) Identifier: NCT00002415     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 283B  GS-98-902 
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Drug Therapy, Combination
Anti-HIV Agents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors processed this record on May 26, 2016