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An Open-Label, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability of Dideoxycytidine (ddC) in Patients With AIDS or Advanced ARC Who Previously Demonstrated Intolerance to Zidovudine (AZT) in Protocol N3300 or N3492

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service Identifier:
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: February 1994

To demonstrate that zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) monotherapy is safe and tolerable in the treatment of patients with AIDS or advanced AIDS related complex (ARC) who previously demonstrated intolerance to zidovudine (AZT) treatment while in Protocol N3300 (NIAID ACTG 114) or N3492 (NIAID ACTG 119).


Patients on amphotericin, pyrimethamine, sulfadiazine, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, ganciclovir, intravenous pentamidine, intravenous acyclovir or oral acyclovir or other bone marrow or renal toxic drugs may not tolerate concomitant ddC. If these drugs are given concomitantly with ddC, patients should have frequent clinical and laboratory assessments, as appropriate. Drugs that are nephrotoxic or have the potential to cause peripheral neuropathy might be expected to cause increased toxicity when co-administered with ddC. Drugs that could cause serious additive toxicity when co-administered with study medication will be allowed for treatment of an acute intercurrent illness or opportunistic infection at the discretion of the investigator. Their use may be allowed with interruption of study drug for up to 35 days per episode, for a total of 90 days for the study. If the patient's condition requires chronic administration of these medications, the patient will be discontinued from study medication and followed.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Zalcitabine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability of Dideoxycytidine (ddC) in Patients With AIDS or Advanced ARC Who Previously Demonstrated Intolerance to Zidovudine (AZT) in Protocol N3300 or N3492

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:


Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:


  • Prophylactic aerosolized pentamidine.
  • Allowed for maintenance after recovering from infection for which initially prescribed:
  • Pyrimethamine.
  • Sulfadiazine.
  • Amphotericin.
  • Fluconazole.
  • Ketoconazole (= or < 400 mg/day).
  • Acyclovir ( = or < 1000 mg/day).
  • Ganciclovir.
  • Medications for tuberculosis or Mycobacterium avium infection.
  • Allowed:
  • Erythropoietin.
  • Megace.
  • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole < or = 20 mg/kg/day.
  • Nystatin.
  • Low dose acetaminophen or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents ( = or < 3 g/day).
  • Medications on which patient has been stable for 14 days prior to study entry.
  • Allowed if no evidence of peripheral neuropathy at study entry:
  • Isoniazid (must be receiving pyridoxine = or > 50 mg/day concomitantly).
  • Phenytoin, if stable for = or > 3 months.
  • Metronidazole with a study medication interruption and pre and post testing for peripheral neuropathy. Any signs of this and the patient will not be restarted on study medication.

Patients must have the following:

  • Previously enrolled in NIAID ACTG 114 or NIAID ACTG 119.
  • Experienced = or > grade 3 zidovudine (AZT) related toxicity while enrolled in the assigned protocol and followed the procedures for the study drug dose reduction, interruption, rechallenge and permanent discontinuation as per NIAID ACTG 114 or NIAID ACTG 119.
  • NOTE:
  • After permanent study drug discontinuation from NIAID ACTG 114 the drug code may be broken ONLY after discussion with Hoffmann-La Roche regarding toxicity management and probable relationship to AZT. Although NIAID ACTG 119 is an open-label study, investigators should also contact Hoffmann-La Roche prior to entering any patient into this protocol.
  • Toxicities must be "probably" AZT related (as determined by the investigator and following discussion by sponsor) for patients to be eligible for inclusion into this protocol.
  • Toxicities must be resolved to = or < grade 2 within 45 days of discontinuation from AZT in NIAID ACTG 114 or NIAID ACTG 119.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

  • An active AIDS defining opportunistic infection or other active intercurrent illnesses if their ongoing treatment requires the use of excluded medications (see Exclusion - Concurrent Medications).
  • Baseline fever > 38.5 C if caused by an occult opportunistic infection or neoplasm and requiring continuous treatment with excluded medications. If the evaluation for infection is unrevealing, the patient may be entered after the evaluation is completed but while mycobacterial cultures are still pending. Patients with a history of unexplained fever > 38.5 C should be evaluated as above and/or be afebrile (T < 38.0 C) for 2 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Severe AIDS dementia complex as defined by a score of < 23 on the Mini-Mental State Exam at the time of discontinuation from NIAID ACTG 114 or NIAID ACTG 119.
  • Any history of peripheral neuropathy or moderate to severe peripheral neuropathy as defined below:
  • A score of = or > 4 in any one category or a score of = or > 2 in two categories of the peripheral neuropathy segment of the Signs and Symptoms Questionnaire.
  • Accompanied by:
  • Results on the Standardized Neurological exam indicative of a moderate abnormality, particularly impaired sensation of sharp pain, light touch or vibration in lower extremities, distal extremity weakness or distal extremity hyporeflexia.
  • Significant cardiac disease, defined as history of ventricular arrhythmias requiring medication, prior myocardial infarct or history of angina or ischemia changes on EKG.
  • Significant liver disease, as defined by transaminases > 5 x upper limit of normal or a history of cirrhosis or ascites.
  • Significant renal disease as defined by an estimated creatinine clearance < 50 ml/min.

Concurrent Medication:


  • Other antiretroviral agents.
  • Biologic modifiers.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Other experimental agents including:
  • Foscarnet.
  • Ribavirin.
  • ddI.
  • Drugs that could cause peripheral neuropathy including:
  • Hydralazine.
  • Nitrofurantoin.
  • Vincristine.
  • Cisplatin.
  • Dapsone.
  • Disulfiram.
  • Diethyldithiocarbamate.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • An active AIDS defining opportunistic infection or other active intercurrent illnesses if their ongoing treatment requires the use of excluded medications (see Exclusion - Concurrent Medications). Such patients will be allowed into the study if they have completed therapy with an excluded concomitant medication and are stable for 14 days. Had to discontinue study medication in NIAID ACTG 114 or NIAID ACTG 119 because of an opportunistic infection or intercurrent illness which required continuous treatment with medications allowed for concomitant administration in NIAID ACTG 114 or ACTG 119. Symptoms and conditions defined in patient Exclusion - Co-Existing Condition. Active substance or alcohol abuse. Unwillingness or deemed unable to sign informed consent.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded within 30 days of study entry:

  • Radiation therapy.

Active substance or alcohol abuse.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002265

United States, California
Davies Med Ctr
San Francisco, California, United States, 94114
Mount Zion Med Ctr
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
United States, Florida
Ctr for Special Immunology
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States, 33308
Dr Robert Swartz
Fort Myers, Florida, United States, 33901
Med Service
Miami, Florida, United States, 33125
United States, Georgia
AIDS Research Consortium of Atlanta
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30308
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Hosp
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, Pennsylvania
Graduate Hosp
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19146
United States, Texas
Humana Hosp / Med City Dallas
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75230
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
  More Information

No publications provided Identifier: NCT00002265     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 031C, N3526A
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Drug Evaluation
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS-Related Complex

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on February 26, 2015