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A Study of Valganciclovir in the Treatment of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Retinitis in Patients With AIDS

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service Identifier:
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: April 1999
The purpose of this study is to see if valganciclovir is a safe treatment for CMV retinitis in patients who have been treated for this condition in the past. This study also examines the effectiveness of valganciclovir in preventing the recurrence of CMV retinitis.

Condition Intervention
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
HIV Infections
Drug: Valganciclovir

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label Study of the Safety and Tolerability of Valganciclovir, an Oral Prodrug of Ganciclovir, for the Treatment of Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in Subjects With AIDS

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Detailed Description:
Patients receive valganciclovir twice a day for 21 days as induction therapy then daily as maintenance therapy. Patients are encouraged to remain on study for at least 3 months and will remain until common study closure.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed with caution:

  • Acyclovir.
  • Famciclovir.
  • Valaciclovir.
  • Imipenem-cilastatin.
  • Myelosuppressive agents.

Patients must have:

  • HIV infection with CMV retinitis.
  • Minimum of 4 weeks prior treatment with ganciclovir, foscarnet, or cidofovir.
  • Intraocular implant in either or both eyes, as long as CMV retinitis is active in one eye, upon approval by Roche.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with any of the following symptoms of conditions are excluded:

  • Active extraocular CMV disease.
  • Severe uncontrolled diarrhea or evidence of malabsorption.

Concurrent Medication:


  • Foscarnet.
  • Cidofovir.
  • CMV hyperimmune globulin.
  • Probenecid.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • Ocular media opacities (corneal, aqueous, lens, or vitreous) preventing ophthalmologic retinal assessment.
  • Simultaneous participation in another study (unless approved by Roche).


  • A minimum of 4 weeks treatment with ganciclovir, foscarnet, or cidofovir.
  • Approval required for prior use of investigational anti-CMV agents.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002222

United States, New York
Cornell AIDS Clinical Trials Unit
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
  More Information Identifier: NCT00002222     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 268B
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: June 23, 2005

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Antiviral Agents
Drug Administration Schedule
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Eye Infections, Viral
Eye Infections
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents processed this record on April 25, 2017