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The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe to give 1592U89 to children (aged 6 months until 14th birthday) with advanced HIV infection who have few treatment options available. The study also examines the effect 1592U89 has on the levels of HIV in the blood.
Condition or disease
Drug: Abacavir sulfate
This is an open-label, non-randomized study. All patients will be treated with 1592U89. Additionally, since optimal therapy usually includes the combined use of 2 or more antiretroviral agents in advanced patients, other novel antiretroviral therapies may be accessed through commercial means or via compassionate use programs. NOTE: 1592U89 should not be administered as a single new agent added to a failing treatment regimen.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
Ages Eligible for Study:
6 Months to 13 Years (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Intravenous immunoglobulin G.
Erythropoietin, granulocyte colony stimulating factor and granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor, for the management of hematologic toxicity.
Patients must have:
Documented HIV infection.
High risk for disease progression or mortality as defined by either of the following:
Viral load > 100,000 copies/ml and CD4 cells < 15% of total lymphocyte count despite at least 4 weeks of therapy with commercially available antiretrovirals or as a result of no therapy due to treatment-limiting toxicity of ZDV, 3TC, and ddI; or HIV-associated encephalopathy refractory to ZDV-containing regimen.
No access to any 1592U89 pediatric study where the patient could qualify for inclusion.
Parent or legal guardian with the ability to understand and provide written consent for the patient to participate in the trial. Study patients over 13 years should also give written informed consent whenever possible.
Patients with any of the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:
In the investigator's opinion, the patient is unlikely to comply with the requirements of the study.
Renal failure requiring dialysis.
Hepatic failure evident by Grade 3 or 4 hyperbilirubinemia and AST > 10 X upper limits of normal.
Life-threatening infection or other chronic disease that may interfere with taking 1592U89 or compromise the patient's safety.
Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:
Documented hypersensitivity to 1592U89 or any other nucleoside analogue.