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An Open-Label Study in HIV+ Patients to Determine the Effects of Nevirapine (Viramune) on the Pharmacokinetics of Clarithromycin and Activity of Cytochrome 3A4.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002194
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Brief Summary:
To evaluate the potential pharmacokinetic interaction between nevirapine and clarithromycin, and to determine the effects of nevirapine on cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) activity in vivo.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Erythromycin Drug: Nevirapine Drug: Clarithromycin Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The study is conducted in two separate groups. Patients in Group I receive clarithromycin orally for 32 days and nevirapine orally for 28 days.

Patients in Group II receive erythromycin intravenously on days 0, 14, 28, and 43 and nevirapine orally for 28 days.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 36 participants
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Study in HIV+ Patients to Determine the Effects of Nevirapine (Viramune) on the Pharmacokinetics of Clarithromycin and Activity of Cytochrome 3A4.

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:


Antiretroviral drugs (i.e., zidovudine, zalcitabine, stavudine, lamivudine, didanosine, indinavir, saquinavir) provided that there has been no change in dosing of the medication > 25% within 4 weeks of study entry.

Patients must have:

  • HIV positive status.
  • CD4 count >= 100 cells/mm3.

Prior Medication:


Patients may be on clarithromycin at study entry.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions are excluded:

Malabsorption, severe chronic diarrhea, or inability to maintain adequate oral intake.

Concurrent Medication:


Macrolide antibiotics (erythromycin, azithromycin, dirithromycin), azole fungals (ketoconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole), rifampin, rifabutin, phenytoin, terfenadine, astemizole, cisapride, triazolam, midazolam, other non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, antibiotics containing clavulanic acid, and Augmentin.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • History of drug allergy or known drug hypersensitivity.
  • History of clinically important disease including hepatic, renal, cardiovascular, or gastrointestinal disease.

Prior Medication:


  • Investigational drugs or antineoplastic agents within 12 weeks of study entry.
  • Participation in a clinical trial that used ERMBY within one year of study entry.
  • Systemic treatment with drugs known to be potent hepatic enzyme inducers or inhibitors (e.g., oral macrolide antibiotics, azole antifungals, cimetidine, rifampin, rifabutin, and carbamazepine) within 28 days of study entry.
  • Use of protease inhibitors; ritonavir, nelfinavir, indinavir, or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor compounds e.g., delavirdine) within 4 weeks of study entry.

Prior Treatment:


Radiotherapy within 12 weeks of study entry.

Risk Behavior:


Current history (within the last year) of IVDA, ETOH, or substance abuse.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00002194

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United States, Florida
South Florida Bioavailability Clinic
Miami, Florida, United States, 331813405
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boehringer Ingelheim
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002194    
Other Study ID Numbers: 200G
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2005
Last Verified: August 2002
Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Antibiotics, Macrolide
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450
Anti-HIV Agents
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Blood-Borne Infections
Communicable Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Genital Diseases
Urogenital Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Erythromycin Estolate
Erythromycin Ethylsuccinate
Erythromycin stearate
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Antiviral Agents