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Placebo-Controlled Trial of Safety and Efficacy of Thalidomide in Patients With Infections Due to Mycobacterium and/or HIV

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service Identifier:
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: July 1998
To demonstrate, in patients with tubercular or nontubercular mycobacterium infections with or without HIV infection, the safety of thalidomide use as judged by symptoms, physical exam, and studies of microbiologic, immunologic, hematologic, renal, and hepatic status. To demonstrate efficacy of the drug as judged by status of fever, nutrition, tuberculosis lesions, and immune responses.

Condition Intervention Phase
Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare Infection
HIV Infections
Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium Infection
Drug: Thalidomide
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Placebo-Controlled Trial of Safety and Efficacy of Thalidomide in Patients With Infections Due to Mycobacterium and/or HIV

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:

Detailed Description:
Patients are randomized to receive thalidomide or placebo orally at 9 PM the night before beginning anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy and continuing nightly for 7 nights. Patients are followed for 28 days. Patients are stratified according to HIV status and stage of HIV infection.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • Positive AFB smear and/or culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M. avium, or other mycobacterial infection, with or without documented HIV infection. NOTE:
  • HIV-positive patients must have CD4 count < 500 cells/mm3 and be on antiretroviral therapy.
  • One of the following manifestations:
  • Temperature over 38 C on at least two occasions in the week prior to study entry.
  • Recent weight loss of more than 5 kilograms.
  • Pulmonary involvement of one or more lobes or involvement of other tissues due to tuberculosis or other mycobacterial infections, or symptomatic infections related to HIV status.
  • Night sweats on two or more occasions in the week prior to study entry.


  • Patients must be hospitalized men aged 18-65 and postmenopausal women to age 65. Anticipated requirement for hospitalization must be at least 10 days.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Neuropathy or other disorders with risk of neuropathy.

Required for HIV-positive patients if CD4 count < 500 cells/mm3:

  • Antiretroviral therapy.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002104

United States, New York
Bellevue Hosp Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Aaron Diamond AIDS Rsch Ctr / Rockefeller Univ
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center
  More Information Identifier: NCT00002104     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 133A
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: June 23, 2005

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Mycobacterium Infections
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare Infection
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS-Related Complex
Mycobacterium Infections, Atypical

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Communicable Diseases
HIV Infections
Mycobacterium Infections
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare Infection
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Actinomycetales Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents processed this record on May 25, 2017