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Pilot Study of Oral Fluconazole in the Treatment of Acute Cryptococcal Meningitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002076
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Sponsor:
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of fluconazole as treatment for acute cryptococcal meningitis in AIDS patients. Both newly diagnosed and relapsed patients are eligible.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Meningitis, Cryptococcal HIV Infections Drug: Fluconazole

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study of Oral Fluconazole in the Treatment of Acute Cryptococcal Meningitis

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS Meningitis
Drug Information available for: Fluconazole
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions


Outcome Measures

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Antiviral therapy such as zidovudine.
  • Prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.
  • Aerosolized pentamidine.

Concurrent Treatment:

Allowed:

  • Radiation therapy for mucocutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma.

Written informed consent must be obtained for each patient, either from the patient himself or from the patient's legal guardian.

  • No prior systemic antifungal therapy for cryptococcosis.
  • Success of prior therapy must have been documented by negative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture at the end of therapy. Following prior therapy, such patients may not have received more than 1 mg/kg/wk amphotericin B in the 4 weeks before entry into study.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Antiviral therapy such as zidovudine.
  • Prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.
  • Aerosolized pentamidine.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Evidence of acute or chronic meningitis based upon any etiology other than cryptococcosis.
  • History of allergy to or intolerance of imidazoles, azoles, or amphotericin B.
  • Moderate or severe liver disease defined by specified lab values.
  • Patients who are unable to take oral medication.
  • Unlikely to survive more than 2 weeks.
  • Renal impairment.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Coumarin-type anticoagulants.
  • Oral hypoglycemics.
  • Barbiturates.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Immunostimulants.
  • Investigational drugs or approved (licensed) drugs for investigational indications other than aerosolized pentamidine.
  • Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:
  • Greater than 1 mg/kg/wk amphotericin B.
  • Any exceptions to these prohibitions of concomitant medications must be approved by Pfizer Central Research.

Concurrent Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Lymphocyte replacement.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Evidence of acute or chronic meningitis based upon any etiology other than cryptococcosis.
  • History of allergy to or intolerance of imidazoles or azoles.
  • Moderate or severe liver disease defined by specified lab values.
  • Patients who are unable to take oral medication.
  • Life expectancy of < 2 weeks.
  • Any condition that may impair absorption of oral medication.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Coumarin-type anticoagulants.
  • Oral hypoglycemics.
  • Barbiturates.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Immunostimulants.
  • Investigational drugs or approved (licensed) drugs for investigational indications other than aerosolized pentamidine.
  • Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:
  • Greater than 1 mg/kg/wk amphotericin B.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Lymphocyte replacement.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00002076


Locations
United States, California
Summitt Med Ctr / San Francisco Gen Hosp
Oakland, California, United States, 94609
United States, New York
Cornell Univ Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10021
United States, Pennsylvania
Buckley Braffman Stern Med Associates
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002076     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 012J
056-162
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2005
Last Verified: February 1990

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Meningitis
Cryptococcosis
Fluconazole
Administration, Oral
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Meningitis
Meningitis, Cryptococcal
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Meningitis, Fungal
Central Nervous System Fungal Infections
Mycoses
Cryptococcosis
Central Nervous System Infections
Fluconazole
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors